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12 inches 12-inch wall adjoining anchors application blocking bond stones brick arches brick walls bricklayers bricklaying bricks are laid building built bushels carried cast iron cement mortar centre color concrete construction Corbelling edge eight inches Enameled engraving excavation extrados face brick face brickwork feet flat arch Flemish bond floor beams flues foot foundation front bricks girders give grouting headers height illustrated inches thick inserted inside iron isolated brick pier laying lime mortar lintel method mixed mortar joints nailed needle party wall placed planks plumb bob Plumb Rule Portland Cement pounds prevent quoin represented at Fig right angles Roman Rosendale rowlock running bond scaffold screw sharp sand shores shown shows six courses sixth course soffit space spirit level straight wall straight-edge stretcher surface templets terra cotta timbers tion trowel underpinning voussoirs wedges wrought iron
Page 58 - Isolated brick piers shall not exceed in height ten times their least dimensions. Stone posts for the support of posts or columns above shall not be used in the interior of any building.
Page 80 - ... or their own expense preserve any adjoining or contiguous wall or walls, structure or structures from injury, and support the same by proper foundations, so that the said wall or walls, structure or structures, shall be and remain practically as safe as before such excavation was commenced, whether the said adjoining or contiguous wall or walls, structure or structures, are down more or less than ten feet below the curb.
Page 57 - Every pier built of brick, containing less than nine superficial feet at the base, supporting any beam, girder, arch or column on which a wall rests, or lintel spanning an opening over ten feet and supporting a wall, shall at intervals of not over thirty inches apart in height have built into it a bond stone not less than four inches thick, or a castiron plate of sufficient strength, and the full size of the piers.
Page 80 - Whenever an excavation of either earth or rock for building or other purposes shall be intended to be, or shall be carried to, the depth of more than 10 feet below the curb, the person or persons causing such excavation to be made shall at all times, from the commencement until the completion thereof, if afforded the necessary license to enter upon the adjoining land and not otherwise, at his or their own expense, preserve any adjoining or contiguous...
Page 81 - When an excavation is made on any lot, the person or persons causing such excavation to be made shall build at his or their own cost and expense, a retaining wall to support the adjoining earth, and such retaining wall shall be carried to the height of the adjoining earth, and be properly protected by coping.
Page 21 - Cement mortar shall be made of cement and sand in the proportion of one part of cement, and not more than three parts of sand, and shall be used immediately after being mixed. The cement and sand are to be measured and thoroughly mixed before adding water.
Page 80 - All excavations for buildings shall be properly guarded and protected so as to prevent the same from becoming dangerous to life or limb...
Page 81 - Buildings may enter upon the premises and employ such labor, and furnish such materials, and take such steps as, in his...
Page 58 - ... •every fifth course shall be bonded into the backing, by cutting the course of the face brick, and putting in diagonal headers behind the same, or by splitting the face brick in half, and backing the same by a continuous row of headers.
Page 69 - Hemlock 500 500 Chestnut 500 1,000 Concrete (Portland) cement, 1; sand, 2; stone, 4, 230 Concrete (Portland) cement, 1; sand, 2; stone, 5, 208 Concrete (Rosendale, or equal), cement, 1; sand, 2; stone, 4 125 Concrete (Rosendale, or equal), cement, 1; sand, 2; stone, 5 Ill Rubble stonework in Portland cement mortar... 140 Rubble stonework in Rosendale cement mortar, 111 Rubble stonework in lime and cement mortar..