A Brief History of Systems Approaches in Counseling and Psychotherapy
Clinical epistemology has been a very prominent topic with the emergence of systems theory as a widely studied approach to understanding human behavior. With systemic perspectives have come therapy approaches which promise more immediate change than the dynamic therapies begun by the writings and clinical practice of Sigmund Freud. Some view systems and psychodynamic perspectives paradigms as exclusive of one another and even competitive. In this concise book on the topic, Bauserman and Rule express that clinicians were in fact ready to embrace and assimilate the systems perspective because the interactional theoretical orientation of the non-Freudians and other pioneers had led them precisely in that direction. The authors show an evolutionary side to the issue and work to remove some of the discontinuity and acrimony between these two useful perspectives.
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HARRY STACK SULLIVAN
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abreaction Alfred Adler analyst feels anxiety Bateson Bauserman behavior Bion Carl Whitaker classical client and therapist clinical clinicians concept conscious contribution countertransference feelings Countertransference reactions countertransference responses defensive described deviations discharge discussed dynamic emotional environment evolved existential experience fantasies fashion form of therapy Freud's ideas function Haley Harold Searles Harry Stack Sullivan Heinrich Racker human interaction impact important idea infant influenced interactional model interest internal objects interpersonal field intrapsychic introject Jackson LUDWIG Von BERTALANFFY mechanism Melanie Klein Milton Erickson moment-to-moment Murray Bowen noncountertransference observable pathological patterns perceptions powerful projected aspects projector psychoanalytic psychology psychopathology psychotherapy Robert Langs Sandor Ferenczi schizophrenic sense sensitivity severely disturbed patients Sigmund Freud social static Strategic therapists symbolic communications systems perspective systems theory therapeutic relationship therapist begins thought tient transference treatment Type B field unconscious understand the client verbal and nonverbal Virginia Commonwealth University Warkentin wild analysts Wilhelm Reich Winnicott