Britain's China Policy and the Opium Crisis: Balancing Drugs, Violence and National Honour, 1833-1840
This book examines British policy towards China, arguing, contrary to established interpretations, that when setting policy, British statesmen focused more on national honour and peaceful relations than on expanding trade.
The first Opium War (1840-42) was a defining moment in Anglo-Chinese relations, and since the 1840s the histories of its origins have tended to have been straightforward narratives, which suggest that the British Cabinet turned to its military to protect opium sales and to force open the China trade. Whilst the monetary aspects of the war cannot be ignored, this book argues that economic interests should not overshadow another important aspect of British foreign policy - honour and shame.
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The Great Reform
China Belongs to Palmerston
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Anglo-Chinese relations April aristocratic Auckland Bedchamber Crisis believed Britain British government British merchants British trade cabinet Cambridge University Press Captain Elliot Charter London Chartist Chief Superintendent China trade Chinese authorities Chinese government commercial Commissioner Lin conservatives Correspondence debate December decision to wage demands despatches Diary Dugald Stewart East India Company economic Elliot to Palmerston Enclosure force foreign community Foreign Office foreign policy Foreign Secretary Free Trade government's Greenberg Hansard historians Hobhouse Hong merchants House of Commons Imperialism Inner Opium instructions January Jardine Lectures on Political Lintin Lord Auckland Lord Melbourne Lord Napier Lord Palmerston Macao Majesty's Government March Matheson Maurice Collis Melbourne ministry Michael Greenberg ministry's Newbould Northern Star Leeds November opium crisis opium trade Opium War opposition Palmerston to Elliot Papers Parliament parliamentary Peel Political Economy Radicals Reform Act responsibility Robinson to Palmerston September 1839 ships social Stewart threat Trade Commission trade with China Ultra-Tories Wellington Whigs