British Farmer's Magazine, Issue 9

Front Cover
James Ridgway, 1845 - Agriculture
 

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Page 175 - that portion of the value of the whole produce which remains to the owner of the land, after all the outgoings belonging to its cultivation, of whatever kind, have been paid, including the profits of the capital employed, estimated according to the usual and ordinary rate of the profits of agricultural stock at the time being.
Page 176 - ... presented by nature to man for the production of food and raw materials; but, to make the resemblance more just, as far as they admit of comparison, we should consider the soil as a present to man of a great number of machines, all susceptible of continued improvement by the application of capital to them, but yet of very different original qualities and powers.
Page 283 - Produce. — The number of cows kept for the purposes of a cheese dairy is seldom less than 8 or 10, or more than 70 or 80 ; and is of course regulated by the size of the farms — these average about 90 or 100 statute acres, upon each of which about 15 or 18 cows are kept. From 18 cows, a cheese of from 36 Ibs. to 54 Ibs. weight is made daily during four or five months of the summer.* The annual produce of cheese per cow depends both upon the quality of the animal (with the mode of keeping her)...
Page 176 - ... large territory has generally an abundance, but the inferior machinery which may be said to be employed when good land is further and further forced for additional produce. As the price of raw produce continues to rise, these inferior machines are successively called into action ; and as the price of raw produce continues to fall, they arc successively thrown out of action.
Page 176 - ... When a machine in manufactures is invented which will produce more finished work with less labor and capital than before, if there be no patent, or as soon as the patent is over, a sufficient number of such machines may be made to supply the whole demand, and to supersede entirely the use of all the old machinery. The natural consequence is, that the price is reduced to the price of production from the best machinery...
Page 183 - And it shall come to pass in the increase, that ye shall give the fifth part unto Pharaoh, and four parts shall be your own, for seed of the field, and for your food, and for them of your households, and for food for your little ones.
Page 360 - July 22nd, a sixth time, with ripe seed and three loads of hay to the acre. Immediately after each cutting it was manured with liquid manure, the produce of each crop increasing with the temperature of the atmosphere, from three-quarters of a load, the first cutting, to three loads the last. He discontinued manuring now, thinking its growth would be terminated in bearing seed, but he afterwards cut four crops from it.
Page 86 - It is known," adds Dr. Arnott (ibid, p. 61), " that a canary bird, suspended near the top of a curtained bedstead in which people have slept, will generally, owing to the impurity of the air, be found dead in the morning ; and small, close rooms, in the habitations of the poor, are sometimes as ill-ventilated as the curtained bedstead.
Page 75 - The Chemistry of Vegetable and Animal PHYSIOLOGY. By Dr GJ MULDER, Professor of Chemistry in the University of Utrecht. Translated from the Dutch by Dr...
Page 46 - Now, although the quantity of humus in a soil may be increased to a certain degree by an artificial cultivation, still, in spite of this, there cannot be the smallest doubt that a soil must gradually lose those of its constituents which are removed in the seeds, roots, and leaves of the plants raised upon it. The fertility of a soil cannot remain unimpaired, unless we replace in it all those substances of which it has been thus deprived. Now this is effected by manure.

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