British Muslims and the Call to Global Jihad
Since the events of September 11, 2001 in the United States, Western Muslim communities have been placed under a social and political microscope. Omar Bakri Muhammad and his organization al-Muhajiroun, based in London from the mid-1990s until 2004, endorsed militant jihad and generated a very public profile as the voice of 'Islamism' in the United Kingdom. Al-Muhajiroun's tenure in the United Kingdom spanned a crucial decade in international relations and the organization acted as a lightening rod for the debates surrounding Islamism in the West. Drawing on interviews with Bakri, British Muslims and the Call to Global Jihad explores the ways in which al-Muhajiroun attempted, and ultimately failed, to 'walk the line' between Islamism and life in a Western state.
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Part One Muslims in the United Kingdom
Part Two Contextualising Islamism
Part Three AlMuhajiroun
activism affiliations Afghanistan agenda al-Muhajiroun al-Qaeda Arab arrest asserted attempted Azzam Bakri claims Bakri's departure Bangladeshi British Muslim community British society Bubalo Caliphate challenge Choudry citizenship concept of jihad condemn conflict contemporary context covenant of security cultural defensive jihad doctrine emerged endorsed experience focus global Hamza historical Hizb al-Tahrir increasingly individual influence interpretation Iraq Islamist movement Islamist organisations Islamist perspectives July Kuffar Laden leadership Lebanon legitimacy linked mainstream Middle East militant Islamism militant jihad Muhajiroun multiculturalism Muslim Brotherhood Muslim lands Muslim Minorities Muslim world Nabhani non-Muslim notion of jihad Omar Bakri Muhammad organisation's Osama bin Laden Pakistani period political position presented Qatada Qur'an Qutb Qutb's radicalisation rejected religion religious response rhetoric role Rushdie affair Salafi Saudi Arabia Saved Sect secular Sharia Sheikh social socio-political tabloid terrorism terrorist attacks theological trends umma United Kingdom violence Wahhabi West Western Islamism Western Muslims Wiktorowicz 2005 worldview young Muslims