British Flying Boats
The flying boat is a unique form of aircraft, with the ability to operate from sea or river and, in amphibian form, from land too. Over a hundred types of British flying boat and amphibian were built during a forty year period from the days of the pioneer airmen to the advent of the jet engine. Early attempts at flying from water were sometimes fraught, but during the First World War the practical military flying boat was steadily developed, serving with the Royal Naval Air Service as an important component in the campaigns waged against the naval forces of Imperial Germany - particularly her U-Boats. The inter-war period witnessed the growth in prominence of civil flying boats as commercial air routes became established worldwide, notably by Britain's Imperial Airways. Light civilian flying boats were produced for use by private owners and modest operators, while the military flying boats of the RAF were many and varied. Throughout the Second World War the flying boat defended Britain's sea routes around the globe with great success, and British examples were also employed by many of the Allied nations. Yet after the war, the type faded from widespread use and, despite resistance from enthusiasts, by the mid-1950s they had all but disappeared. The British flying boat today evokes and great nostalgia and the few remaining examples are carefully preserved for future generations to share.
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209 Squadron AD Flying Boat ailerons aircraft amphibian anti-submarine April Armstrong Siddeley Author's Collection Aviation biplane Blackburn BOAC Boat Bristol Jupiter Bristol Pegasus British Bruce/G.S. Leslie Collection Bryan Ribbans built Calshot cockpit configuration Cowes crew dorsal employed engine examples Fairey Felixstowe Felixstowe F.5 fin and rudder flew flight flown flying flying-boat hp Bristol hp Rolls-Royce hull Hythe Imperial Airways J.M. Bruce/G.S. Leslie July June landplanes later layout Lerwick Lewis guns machine-guns MAEE March monoplane mounted nacelles Napier Lion Navy Norman Thompson November October operating passengers patrol Pegasus pilot planing bottom programme propellers prototype pusher RAAF Rochester Rolls-Royce Eagle Royal Sandringham Saro Saunders Saunders-Roe Seagull Seaplane September serialled Short Brothers Singapore Solent Southampton Specification speed Stranraer struts Sunderland Supermarine Supermarine Seagull Supermarine Southampton tail tailplane take-off tests trials turret U-boats Vickers Vickers Viking Viking Walrus wing-floats