Brodmann's: Localisation in the Cerebral Cortex

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Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 16, 2007 - Medical - 298 pages

This is the third edition of the translation, by Laurence Garey, of "Vergleichende Lokalisationslehre der Grosshirnrinde" by Korbinian Brodmann, originally published by Barth-Verlag in Leipzig in 1909. It is one of the major "classics" of the neurological world. Even today it forms the basis for so-called "localisation" of function in the cerebral cortex. Brodmann's "areas" are still used to designate functional regions in the cortex, the part of the brain that brings the world that surrounds us into consciousness, and which governs our responses to the world. For example, we use "area 4" for the "motor" cortex, with which we control our muscles, "area 17" for "visual" cortex, with which we see, and so on. This nomenclature is used by neurologists and neurosurgeons in the human context, as well as by experimentalists in various animals. Indeed, Brodmann's famous "maps" of the cerebral cortex of humans, monkeys and other mammals must be among the most commonly reproduced figures in neurobiological publishing. The most famous of all is that of the human brain. There can be few textbooks of neurology, neurophysiology or neuroanatomy in which Brodmann is not cited, and his concepts pervade most research publications on systematic neurobiology.

In spite of this, few people have ever seen a copy of the 1909 monograph, and even fewer have actually read it! There had never been a complete English translation available until the first edition of the present translation of 1994, and the original book had been almost unavailable for 50 years or more, the few antiquarian copies still around commanding high prices.

As Laurence Garey, too, used Brodmann’s findings and maps in his neurobiological work, and had the good fortune to have access to a copy of the book, he decided to read the complete text and soon discovered that this was much more than just a report of laboratory findings of a turn-of-the-twentieth-century neurologist. It was an account of neurobiological thinking at that time, covering aspects of comparative neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and neuropathology, as well as giving a fascinating insight into the complex relationships between European neurologists during the momentous times when the neuron theory was still new.

 

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Contents

Foreword
1
The principles of comparative cortical cytoarchitectonics 11
10
Regional variations in cell structure of the cerebral cortex
37
Particularities of the cytoarchitecture in different animals 59
58
The principles of comparative field organisation in the cerebral cortex
99
Description of individual brain maps
105
Common features in cortical cytoarchitectonics
171
Variations in cortical architectonics
181
Hypothesis of the cortex as a morphological physiological
202
Localisation and histopathology
225
Physiology of the cortex as an organ 239
238
Literature
263
Glossary of Species Names
281
Index
295
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

Laurence Garey, a neuroscientist and anatomist, is the translator of Michel Jouvet's "The Paradox of Sleep" (2001) and "The Castle of Dreams" (2008), both published by the MIT Press.

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