This volume presents the first book-length study in English of the concept of Buddha nature as discussed in the Buddha Nature Treatise (Fo Xing Lun), attributed to Vasubandhu and translated into Chinese by Paramartha in the sixth century. The author provides a detailed discussion of one of the most important concepts in East Asian Buddhism, a topic little addressed in Western studies of Buddhism until now, and places the Buddha nature concept in the context of Buddhist intellectual history. King then carefully explains the traditional Buddhist language in the text, and embeds Buddha nature in a family of concepts and values which as a group are foundational to the development of the major indigenous schools of Chinese Buddhism. In addition, she refutes the accusations that the idea of Buddha nature introduces a crypto-Atman into Buddhist thought, and that it represents a form of monism akin to the Brahmanism of the Upanisads. In doing this, King defends Buddha nature in terms of purely Buddhist philosophical principles. Finally, the author engages the Buddha nature concept in dialogue with Western philosophy by asking what it teaches us about what a human being, or person, is.
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The Concept of Buddha Nature
Soteriology Buddha Nature as the Practice of Buddhism
Dereification of Self and Mind
Ontology Monism vs Nondualism
Engaging in Spiritual Cultivation
Buddha Nature and the Concept of Person
Retrospective and Prospective
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affirmation andtman aSrayaparavrtti attain basis bodhicitta bodhisattva Buddha nature concept Buddha nature thought Buddha Nature Treatise Buddhahood Buddhist Path Buddhist practice cause Chan characteristic Chinese Buddhist compassion condition consciousness-only constituted cultivation defilements delusion Dharma dharmadhdtu dharmakdya discriminating nature discussion emptiness enlightenment entity eternity existential experiential faithful joy four fruit fruition garbha Hua-yan human icchantika idea identified impure insofar Jing kdya kind kleSa language Madhyamika Mahayana mahdkarund manifest meaning meditation mind monism negation nirvana nonbeing nondualism not-self one's ontological ordinary persons own-nature Paramartha passage pdramitd phenomena philosophy positive prajnd prajndpdramitd pratyekabuddha prayoga Principle of Thusness pure purity Ratnagotra Ratnagotravibhdga reality realization relative nature ru-ru samadhi samsara Sanskrit sense sentient soteriological speak of Buddha Sravaka stage Sunya Sunyatd supreme truth Sutra Takasaki Tathagata tathdgatagarbha tathdgatagarbha-Buddha nature teachings term theme things Thusness tradition translation trisvabhdva true nature ultimate Vasubandhu virtues wisdom worldly truth xing Yi Jing Yogacara