Buddhist Images of Human Perfection: The Arahant of the Sutta Piṭaka Compared with the Bodhisattva and the Mahāsiddha
All forms of Buddhism--The Theravada, the Mahayana and the Vajrayana--affirm the perfectability of the person, and one finds this notion of perfection embodied in three images; the arahant, the bodhisattva and the mahasiddha. Reader also finds, in scholarly treatments of Buddhism, much made of the perceived differences among these three `vehicles` (yana). By close textual analysis as well as by extensive field work, Katz criticizes this emphasis on difference and prefers to treat Buddhism as a whole, a position he finds in accord with the teachings of both Buddhists and Buddhist texts. By a close examination of these three images of human perfection, bridges among the Theravada, the Mahayana and the Vajrayana are built and continuities within Buddhism are explored. This comparison involves pioneering discussions of Buddhist philosophy of language and hermeneutics, which are facilitated by Katz`s familiarity with Pali, Sanskrit and Tibetan Buddhist texts as well as his sympathetic involvement with the living Buddhist tradition.
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abhinna anagami analysis Ananda anna arahant arahant's arhat asava attain arahatta atthi become bhante bhikkhu bodhisattva brahmin Buddha Buddha says Buddha's teaching Buddhist called cetera claim commentary considered context devas Dhamma disciples discussion distinction ditthi emotions entails evam expression fetters four freed goal hoti iddhi iddhividha identical Idha indicate insight jhana jhand kalyanamitta kamma khinasavo kho bhikkhave knowledge Kong sprul kusala laity language loka loke London magga mahasiddha Mahayana Majjhima means meditation method mind monks Nagarjuna negation nibbana Nikaya nirvana notion Nyanaponika omniscience P.T.S. Dictionary pa'i pajanati Pali canon Pali Text Society path Patimokkha perfected person philosophic position practice prajnaparamita PTS translation punna question realm rebirth religious Rhys-Davids right view saddha samatha samsara Sanskrit Sariputta sense spiritual sravaka Sutta Pitaka symbolism talk tanha Tathagata tells term theg Thera Theravada Tibetan tradition Tsong kha understanding verse viharati vipassana vyakaroti wisdom Wittgenstein