Building Community Resilience to Disasters: A Way Forward to Enhance National Health Security

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Rand Corporation, 2011 - Computers - 189 pages
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Community resilience, or the sustained ability of a community to withstand and recover from adversity has become a key policy issue at federal, state, and local levels, including in the National Health Security Strategy. Because resources are limited in the wake of an emergency, it is increasingly recognized that resilience is critical to a community's ability to reduce long recovery periods after an emergency. This report provides a roadmap for federal, state, and local leaders who are developing plans to enhance community resilience for health security threats and describes options for building community resilience in key areas. Based on findings from a literature review and a series of community and regional focus groups, the authors provide a definition of community resilience in the context of national health security and a set of eight levers and five core components for building resilience. They then describe suggested activities that communities are pursuing and may want to strengthen for community resilience, and they identify challenges to implementation.
 

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Contents

CHAPTER ONE Introduction
1
CHAPTER TWO Definition and Application of Community Resilience
7
Promote Population Health Before and After an Incident Including Behavioral Health
11
Ensure Access to HighQuality Health Behavioral Health and Social Resources and Services
15
Ensure Ongoing Information to the Public About Preparedness Risks and Resources Before During and After a Disaster
19
Promote Participatory Decisionmaking in Planning Response and Recovery Activities
27
Enable and Support Individuals and Communities to Assume Responsibility for Their Preparedness
33
Develop Strong Partnerships Within and Between Government and Other Organizations
39
Collect Analyze and Utilize Data to Monitor and Evaluate Progress on Building Community Resilience
45
Leverage Existing Community Resources for Maximum Use and Effectiveness
49
Implementation Measurement and Next Steps
53
APPENDIXES
59
Bibliography
71
Back Cover
79
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