Building Community Resilience to Disasters: A Way Forward to Enhance National Health Security
Rand Corporation, 2011 - Computers - 189 pages
Community resilience, or the sustained ability of a community to withstand and recover from adversity has become a key policy issue at federal, state, and local levels, including in the National Health Security Strategy. Because resources are limited in the wake of an emergency, it is increasingly recognized that resilience is critical to a community's ability to reduce long recovery periods after an emergency. This report provides a roadmap for federal, state, and local leaders who are developing plans to enhance community resilience for health security threats and describes options for building community resilience in key areas. Based on findings from a literature review and a series of community and regional focus groups, the authors provide a definition of community resilience in the context of national health security and a set of eight levers and five core components for building resilience. They then describe suggested activities that communities are pursuing and may want to strengthen for community resilience, and they identify challenges to implementation.
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CHAPTER ONE Introduction
CHAPTER TWO Definition and Application of Community Resilience
Promote Population Health Before and After an Incident Including Behavioral Health
Ensure Access to HighQuality Health Behavioral Health and Social Resources and Services
Ensure Ongoing Information to the Public About Preparedness Risks and Resources Before During and After a Disaster
Promote Participatory Decisionmaking in Planning Response and Recovery Activities
Enable and Support Individuals and Communities to Assume Responsibility for Their Preparedness
Develop Strong Partnerships Within and Between Government and Other Organizations
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activities for building appropriate assess at-risk individuals at-risk population behavioral health build resilience building community resilience community members community preparedness community resilience–building activities components of community context of national coordination core components critical culturally definition of community develop disseminate effective risk communication efforts emergency planning committees engagement enhance ensure Facebook federal government focus groups government and NGOs government and nongovernmental health departments health incident health literacy healthcare identify individual and community integration involvement Key Elements Key leaders lessons learned leverage literature review messages monitoring and evaluating munity resilience national health security needs NHSS nongovernmental organizations ongoing partners partners in health partnerships physical and psychological Potential steps pre-event psychological health public health Rationale recovery activities recovery planning Requires new data resilient community response and recovery roadmap self-sufficiency social connectedness social media social networks social services stakeholders strategies vulnerabilities