Building Engines for Growth and Competitiveness in China: Experience with Special Economic Zones and Industrial Clusters
Douglas Zhihua Zeng
World Bank Publications, Aug 25, 2010 - Business & Economics - 256 pages
In the past 30 years, China has achieved an unprecedented development 'miracle' in human history. How did China achieve this? What are the key drivers for such a rapid growth? And most importantly, what can be learned from China s success? While many factors could be identified to explain China's success, it is no doubt that the numerous Special Economic Zones (SEZs) and industrial clusters that emerged after the country s reforms are two important engines that have been driving China s rapid development. The key experiences of China's SEZs and industrial clusters could be best summarized as: gradualism with experimental approach; strong commitment; and an active facilitating state with strong pragmatism. This book reviews the development experiences of China's SEZs and industrial clusters through extensive research, field visits, and case studies in an attempt to benefit the policy-makers, development practitioners, scholars from developing countries, and the global development community in general. It contains five detailed case studies three SEZs in the broadest sense (Shenzhen, Tianjin and Kunshan) and two industrial clusters (Wenzhou footwear cluster in Zhejiang and Xiqiao textile cluster in Guangdong). This volume represents the most comprehensive volume to date on China's experiences with both its SEZ and cluster experiences.
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administrative attract Beijing Binhai New Area capital challenges China Chinese city’s cluster development competition countries development area Development Zone domestic economic development enterprises environment established ETDZs exempted exports fabrics factors firms footwear industry footwear manufacturing foreign investment foreign-funded global value chain Guangdong Province Guangzhou HIDZs high-tech industries Hong Kong Huizhou implemented important income tax increase industrial clusters industrial parks industry in Wenzhou infrastructure institutions Jiangsu KETD KETD’s Kunshan labor land leather ment municipal government Nanhai output value overseas Pearl River Delta percent preferential policies projects promote Qingdao reform and opening regions role sector SEZs Shanghai Shantou Shenzhen Shenzhen SEZ shoe products shoemaking SMEs special economic zones square kilometers state-level state-owned strategy Suzhou Taiwan technology innovation TEDA’s textile textile industry Tianjin tion trade upgrading value chains Wenzhou Wenzhou footwear Xiqiao textile cluster Zhejiang