Building Up Aspect: A Study of Aspect and Related Categories in Bulgarian, with Parallels in English and French
This book addresses the problems of the nature of the category of aspect, its formal expression and its relation to Action modes, to the Aorist/Imperfect and Perfect/Non-Perfect distinctions. The discussion is largely based on data from Bulgarian – a Slavonic language where aspect as a grammatical category systematically coexists not only with verbal prefixation, but also with temporal boundedness, correlation and, in the nominal sphere, definiteness. Cross-language parallels with English and French data and the mapping of Bulgarian structures to notions drawn from the «western» tradition of aspectual study result in the outline of a framework for an integrated study of the expression of aspectuality in languages belonging to different language groups. Refuting existing views of aspect as a «compensatory» phenomenon for nominal definiteness, the book presents arguments in favour of a systematic relation between verbal prefixation and NP quantification in Slavonic languages and of a compositional, syntactic dimension of aspectual analysis.
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Action Mode affected Aorist aspectual aspectual value Atelic Atemporal Boundedness be-3rd sg Bounded situations Bulgarian language Bulgarian verb category of Aspect clitic Closed-Open complex defined definition derived Imperfective derived verbs English entity equivalents Evolutive-Punctual Evolutive-Saturative Figure Finitive forms function Future grammatical context Imperfectivation Imperfective Aspect Indo-European Indo-European languages Ingressive interval structure intransitive Iskam Ivan Ivanova large number lexeme lexical meaning linguistics marked markers Multiact Non-Evidential non-Slavonic Noun Phrase NP complement Old Bulgarian opposition Participle Past Indefinite Perfectivation Perfective and Imperfective Perfective verbs Petar phrasal verbs pisha to write Pismoto position prefixed verbs preposition Present Tense Punctual quantification realised reference point refl relation Resultative Ruslana secondary Imperfectives semantic sentence shte Simple Evolutives Situation Structure Type situation types Slavonic languages source verb Statal subcategorisation suffix syntactic syntactic context syntactic requirements Telic temporal thematic topologically tova transitive translation Unbounded verb classes verbal prefixation Verbs expressing Want-I write-3rd sg