Building Experiments: Testing Social Theory
Building Experiments is the essential text for understanding experimental methods. In engaging style, the book shows how theory is employed in experimental design, how experiments test theory, and how proper design and use of experiments can advance the social sciences as explanatory sciences. The interactive nature of the text encourages students to hone their skills, building and running experiments while learning the underlying principles of theory and experimentation.
The book addresses practical issues, ranging from the critical analysis of historically important experiments to understanding how to recruit subjects properly and protect their rights. Founding experiments in sociology are compared to founding experiments in physics to demonstrate fundamental cross-disciplinary similarities of theory, experiment, and scientific method. Finally, the book explains how experimental research and theory can be applied in historical and institutional studies. This book will be a key resource in social science methodology courses at all levels.
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What Is an Experiment?
Theory and the Scientific Method
Empirically Driven Experiments
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actors applied Archimedes artifacts Asch Asch's Bales behavior Berger Chapter coercive Cohen confederate control group curved mirror debriefing deception demand characteristics dependent variable design experiments develop difference discussed effects Elementary Theory empirically driven experiments end conditions ethical exchange networks exchange ratios Exchange Structures experimental and control experimental control experimental design experimental group experimental replicas experimenter bias experimenter's explain falling bodies Figure Galileo geometric optics group members hypotheses infer influence initial conditions interaction investigation laboratory laws of levers linked logic low status male maxims measure ments Milgram Milgram's experiments Mill's method models observed offer P/D game participation partner payoffs percent periments peripherals phenomena predictions processes produce R. A. Fisher random assignment rationality principle regularities sanctions similar sociology Stanford Prison Experiment statements task test theory theoretical theory-driven experiments theory's tion Tuskegee Syphilis Study Type II questions Weber Willer Zelditch