Building on ruins: the rediscovery of Rome and English architecture
Charles Barry's victory in the competition to design the new Houses of Parliament in 1836 has been widely regarded as the moment in English architecture when the influence of Greece gave way to Victorian Gothic. In this beautifully illustrated book, Frank Salmon redirects attention to major classically-inspired buildings in Birmingham, Cambridge, Liverpool and the City of London, commissioned in the same decade after competitions had been held. He argues that these buildings bear witness to a self-conscious and more widespread identification with the ancient Roman world among the English middle classes, an identification tied to the expression of civic culture and pride during this time of political upheaval and social reform.The eighteenth-century fascination with the classical world, manifested in the Grand Tour and in British country houses, is a much studied cultural phenomenon. In this original book, Frank Salmon shows how study in Italy, an essential part of British architectural training in the second half of the eighteenth century, continued on beyond the Napoleonic period, during which there had been significant advances in the unearthing of ancient ruins. The improved knowledge of the ruins of Rome and Pompeii after 1815 made possible detailed imaginative reconstructions of the Roman townscape, distinct in type from eighteenth-century representations, that helped trigger a popular fascination with Roman society and architecture. Salmon's account of the subsequent commissioning of buildings of explicitly Roman character in England offers a fascinating insight into this preoccupation with Rome and the symbolic intentions of the architects' civil and academic patrons.
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List of illustrations
Preface and acknowledgements
The later eighteenthcentury background
7 other sections not shown
Accademia ancient Rome antiquarian Antiquities of Rome Arch archaeological archi Architectural Antiquities architectural students Attwood Basilica Birmingham Town Hall British architects British Architectural Library building C. R. Cockerell Cambridge Castor and Pollux Charles Robert Cockerell City Classical Cockerell's colour columns competition entry Corinthian decoration Desgodetz detail Doric drawings early east Edward Cresy eighteenth eighteenth-century elevation Elmes's English entablature Envois excavations Fitzwilliam Museum Forum Romanum French Gallery Gandy Gell George Basevi George Ledwell Taylor Goldicutt Hansom Hardwick Harvey Lonsdale Elmes House Italian Italy James Joseph later Law Courts Committee lectures Liverpool London Mazois monuments Naples nineteenth century op.cit Pennethorne perspective podium Pompeian Pompeii portico Poynter published r1ba restoration RIBA DC Robert Adam Roman architecture Royal Academy Royal Exchange School at Rome sketches St George's Hall Street Taylor and Cresy Taylor and Edward Temple of Castor Thomas Leverton Donaldson Tite topographical William