Building the National Parks: Historic Landscape Design and Construction

Front Cover
JHU Press, 1998 - Nature - 591 pages
The Office of Strategic Services, the forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency, was founded in 1942 by William 'Wild Bill' Donovan under the direction of President Roosevelt, who realized the need to improve intelligence during wartime. A rigorous recruitment process enlisted agents from both the armed services and civilians to produce operational groups specializing in different foreign areas including Italy, Norway, Yugoslavia and China. At its peak in 1944, the number of men and women working in the service totaled nearly 13,500. This intriguing story of the origins and development of the American espionage forces covers all of the different departments involved, with a particular emphasis on the courageous teams operating in the field. The volume is illustrated with many photographs, including images from the film director John Ford who led the OSS Photographic Unit and parachuted into Burma in 1943.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Origins of a Design Ethic for Natural Parks
15
The American Park Movement
35
An American Style of Natural Gardening
61
Sources of Rustic Architectural Design
91
A Policy and Process for National Park Design
121
A National Park Service
131
Park Villages
159
E P Meinecke and Campground Planning
276
Yosemites Committee of Expert Advisers
285
A Process for Park Planning
291
Park and Recreation Progress since 1933
325
A New Deal for State Parks
381
Portfolios for Naturalistic Park Design
425
National Park Design since 1940
455
Registering Historic Park Landscapes in the National
487

The Development of Park Roads
174
Principles and Practices for Naturalistic Roads
195
Design of Park Roads
201
Construction of Trails
233
Park Architecture Landscape Naturalization
243
A Program of Landscape Naturalization
255
Park Landscapes in National and State Parks
513
Notes
537
Bibliography
559
Index
575
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