Building with Straw: Design and Technology of a Sustainable Architecture
Princeton Architectural Press, Jan 1, 2005 - Architecture - 143 pages
Economical, ecological: designing and building with straw. Building with straw bales is a technique pioneered a century ago in the state of Nebraska. In recent years there has been a renaissance in the use of straw as a building material largely in the American Southwest, but also in Canada, France, Holland, Germany, Austria and China. Straw is a renewable resource with excellent insulating properties. It is a cheap and easy-to-use option for self-builders, and even large-scale structures can be erected using timber frame-work filled with straw. This book is a practical, hands-on guide to building with straw. Fire safety, protection against moisture, damp, pests and parasites are treated in detail. Numerous on-site photos document the process of assembly and construction step by step. 30 exemplary international projects illustrate the wide spectrum of design possibilities with straw.
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The technology of straw bale building
Straw as building material
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additional air-humidity approx Bituminous fibre board bricks building material casein cladding condensate consists Design earth render exterior render finishing coat fire Floor build-up floor construction floor slab foundation green roof high clay content horizontal humidity hydraulic increase installed interior walls lime render lime whitewash Lime-cement linseed oil Living/Floor area load-bearing straw bale Minke mixture Moisture barrier non-fat quark non-loadbearing straw bale OSB board paint coat pallets passive house plaster base plasterboard position post-and-beam post-and-beam structure prestressed protection rafters refer to chapter reinforced ring beam Roof build-up roof loads roof structure sand slaked lime solar solution sound insulation specific heat capacity splash stalks straw bale building straw bale house straw bale insulation straw bale walls substructure temperature thermal bridges thermal insulation timber posts timber structure tion top to bottom trass-lime U-value vapour barrier vapour diffusion coefficient ventilated W/mK Wall build-up Wall system wall thickness window