Bumble Bees of North America: An Identification Guide

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Princeton University Press, Mar 23, 2014 - Nature - 208 pages

The essential guide for identifying the bumble bees of North America

More than ever before, there is widespread interest in studying bumble bees and the critical role they play in our ecosystems. Bumble Bees of North America is the first comprehensive guide to North American bumble bees to be published in more than a century. Richly illustrated with color photographs, diagrams, range maps, and graphs of seasonal activity patterns, this guide allows amateur and professional naturalists to identify all 46 bumble bee species found north of Mexico and to understand their ecology and changing geographic distributions.

The book draws on the latest molecular research, shows the enormous color variation within species, and guides readers through the many confusing convergences between species. It draws on a large repository of data from museum collections and presents state-of-the-art results on evolutionary relationships, distributions, and ecological roles. Illustrated keys allow identification of color morphs and social castes.

A landmark publication, Bumble Bees of North America sets the standard for guides and the study of these important insects.

  • The best guide yet to the 46 recognized bumble bee species in North America north of Mexico
  • Up-to-date taxonomy includes previously unpublished results
  • Detailed distribution maps
  • Extensive keys identify the many color patterns of species
 

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Contents

Introduction
7
Observing Bumble Bees
17
Attracting Bumble Bees
20
Bumble Bee Forage Guide by Ecoregion
22
Maps and Seasonal Activity
29
Bumble Bee Decline and Conservation
31
Threats to Bumble Bees
33
Natural Enemies
35
Species Accounts
51
SQUARE OR LONGCHEEKED BEES WITH A ROUNDED ANGLE ON THE MIDLEG
52
SHORTCHEEKED BEES WITH A ROUNDED ANGLE ON THE MIDLEG
111
MEDIUM OR LONGCHEEKED BEES WITH A SHARP ANGLE ON THE MIDLEG
136
HINDLEG TIBIA WITH THE OUTER SURFACE UNIFORMLY CONVEX AND DENSELY HAIRY CUCKOO BUMBLE BEES NO WORKERS
155
Identification Keys to Female and Male Bumble Bees with Photos
168
Glossary
199
Additional Resources
203

Mimicry
38
Distinguishing Bumble Bees from Other Insects
42
Bumble Bee Names and Classification
45
How to Use This Book to Identify Bumble Bee Species
48
Acknowledgments
204
Photo Credits
206
Index
207
Copyright

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About the author (2014)

Paul H. Williams is a research entomologist at the Natural History Museum in London. Robbin W. Thorp (1933–2019) was a distinguished professor emeritus of entomology at the University of California, Davis. Leif L. Richardson is a doctoral candidate in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Dartmouth College. Sheila R. Colla is an NSERC postdoctoral fellow and project leader at Wildlife Preservation Canada.

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