What is bureaucracy? Are people right to see it as synonymous with red-tape, feather-bedding and inefficiency? Can it be controlled by politicians, or made more responsive to citizens? Is it only confined to the public sector, or is it pervasive throughout all modern organizations? These are only some of the questions addressed in David Beetham's concise and wide-ranging study. This second edition provides a clear guide through the disciplines of economics, sociology and political science, and through competing social theories, including structural, cultural and rational choice approaches. It also offers its own synthesis which goes beyond them. The second edition has been revised and updated in the light of recent academic and political developments. For anyone who wants a lucid introduction to the meaning and significance of bureaucracy, and its relation to democracy, this book is essential reading.
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accountability adminis administrative efficiency administrative system analysis argued assumptions become bureau bureaucratic administration bureaucratic power Burns and Stalker capitalism capitalist chapter characteristic competition complex concept concerned conclusion constitute context contrast coordination cracy criteria critical decision defined definition of bureaucracy democracy derives discipline distinctive division of labour dominant effective electoral expansion expertise function hierarchy historical individual industrial society institutions interests leadership democracy liberal limitations Marx Marxist theory Max Weber means model of bureaucracy necessary non-bureaucratic elites normative operation organizational efficiency ownership particular party perspective political authority political economy practice pressures principle problem production proletarian democracy proletariat public administration question rational relations require role rule secrecy self-interest Social Democracy social science socialist sociology of organization Soviet Soviet Union sphere standpoint structure subordinate surplus labour systematic technical theory of bureaucracy typically understanding values Weber Weberian