Savage Energies: Lessons of Myth and Ritual in Ancient Greece
University of Chicago Press, 2001 - History - 110 pages
We often think of classical Greek society as a model of rationality and order. Yet as Walter Burkert demonstrates in these influential essays on the history of Greek religion, there were archaic, savage forces surging beneath the outwardly calm face of classical Greece, whose potentially violent and destructive energies, Burkert argues, were harnessed to constructive ends through the interlinked uses of myth and ritual.
For example, in a much-cited essay on the Athenian religious festival of the Arrephoria, Burkert uncovers deep connections between this strange nocturnal ritual, in which two virgin girls carried sacred offerings into a cave and later returned with something given to them there, and tribal puberty initiations by linking the festival with the myth of the daughters of Kekrops. Other chapters explore the origins of tragedy in blood sacrifice; the role of myth in the ritual of the new fire on Lemnos; the ties between violence, the Athenian courts, and the annual purification of the divine image; and how failed political propaganda entered the realm of myth at the time of the Persian Wars.
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GREEK TRAGEDY AND SACRIFICIAL RITUAL
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Abst Acropolis Aglauros altar ancient animal Aphrodite Apollod Argos Arrhephoroi Artemis Astrabakos Athenian Athens Attic Attische Feste Berlin bull Buphonia Burkert Buzyges Callim chariot comedy connection cult daughters of Kekrops death Demaratos Deubner Diomedes Dionysia Dionysus dithyramb divine ephebes Erechtheus Erichthonios Euanthius Euripides evidence festival FGrHist FGrHist 328 F fire goat goat-sacrifice goddess Greece Greek Griechische Hephaistos Herakles hereafter Hermes Herodotus Homer Hsch human Hypsipyle II/III2 initiation rituals inscriptions interpretation Kabeiroi Kekrops Kekrops's daughters killing king legend Leipzig Lemnian Lemnos M. P. Nilsson meaning Meuli Munich myth and ritual Mythologie originally Oxford Palladion Pallas Panathenaia Pandrosos Paris Patzer Paus Pausanias peplos Plut Plynteria poets Pohlenz Porph priestess religion rites sacred sacrifice sacrificed sacrificial ritual sanctuary satyr satyr-play Schol slaughter snake Sparta statue Suda supra TCOV temple Thesmophoria tion tradition tragedy tragoidia tragoidoi tragos TT|V vase paintings victim WALTER BURKERT Welcker Wilamowitz women word Zeus