Burundi: Ethnic Conflict and Genocide
This book situates Burundi in the current global debate on ethnicity by describing and analyzing the wholesale massacre of the Hutu majority by the Tutsi minority. The author refutes the government's version of these events that places blame on the former colonial government and the church. He offers documentation that identifies the source of these massacres as occurring across a socially constructed fault-line that pitted the Hutu majority's use of ethnicity as an instrument for the achievement of majority rule in parliament against the Tutsi minority's use of ethnocide to gain hegemony. By analyzing the roots of ethnicity conflict, the author derives institutional and other formulae through which conflict among the primary groups in Burundi--and elsewhere--may be mitigated. Published in cooperation with the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD).
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violence as discourse
History as prologue
The crystallization of ethnic tensions
The 1972 watershed
The restructuring of statesociety relations
the anatomy of fear
administrative army arrested assassination authorities Bagaza Banyaruguru Baranyanka Batare Belgian Bezi Bubanza Bujumbura Burundi society Bururi Chretien Cibitoke civilians claims clan colonial coup crisis critical democracy democratic dimension dominant elections emerged ethnic conflict ethnic identities ethnic violence extremists faction Frodebu ganwa genocide Gitega hand Hima history of Burundi Hutu and Tutsi Hutu elements Hutu elites Hutu masses Hutu populations Hutu refugees Hutu-Tutsi problem ibid involved issue killed kingship Kirundi legitimacy Lemarchand majority Malkki Manirakiza massacre Melchior Ndadaye ment Michel Micombero Micombero military minister Mirerekano monarchy Mulelist Muramvya Mwambutsa mwami national unity Ndadaye Ntare Ntega and Marangara number of Hutu Nyanza-Lac official organization Palipehutu party peasants Pierre Buyoya precolonial president princely province region repression Reyntjens role rule Rumonge rundi Ruvyiro Rwagasore Rwanda Second Republic Shibura Simbananiye sion social Tanzania tensions threat tion Tutsi elements Tutsi hegemony Tutsi minority Tutsi-dominated Uprona Zaire