Burundi: Ethnic Conflict and Genocide

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Cambridge University Press, Jan 26, 1996 - History - 206 pages
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This book situates Burundi in the current global debate on ethnicity by describing and analyzing the wholesale massacre of the Hutu majority by the Tutsi minority. The author refutes the government's version of these events that places blame on the former colonial government and the church. He offers documentation that identifies the source of these massacres as occurring across a socially constructed fault-line that pitted the Hutu majority's use of ethnicity as an instrument for the achievement of majority rule in parliament against the Tutsi minority's use of ethnocide to gain hegemony. By analyzing the roots of ethnicity conflict, the author derives institutional and other formulae through which conflict among the primary groups in Burundi--and elsewhere--may be mitigated. Published in cooperation with the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD).
 

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Contents

violence as discourse
17
History as prologue
34
The crystallization of ethnic tensions
58
The 1972 watershed
76
The restructuring of statesociety relations
106
the anatomy of fear
118
Toward a grand settlement
131
Hegemony consociationalism democracy
160
Epilogue
178
References
188
About the author
194
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