Bush-Fruits; A Horticultural Monograph of Raspberries, Blackberries, Dewberries, Currants, Gooseberries, and Other Shrub-Like Fruits
Originally published in 1898. PREFACE BY THE EDITOR: IN a proposed series of monographs on the various types of American fruits, this book is the first. Its purpose is to present both the practical and technical phases of all the important questions concerned in the cultivation and domestication of the fruits under discussion. It has been the effort to separate these two classes of matter, so that the grower may go direct to his subject without being distracted by details of history, botany or ento- mology and the student and investigator may be equally at ease in rapid reference to the subjects in which he is primarily interested. A historical sketch is of the greatest value as information and in giving the reader a perspective of the subject, but it is of no direct importance to the cultiva- tion of a crop, and, therefore, should not form, an introduction to the practical matter, nor be incor- porated with it, notwithstanding the fact that such amalgamation is the custom. The practical matters in this book aim to begin where the cultivator must begin, with the land .and the plant. In this, as in other volumes of the series of which it is a part, the aim has been to treat gen- eral truths and principles, rather than mere details of practice. A book cannot instruct in all the details of any rural business, because these details vary with the environment and the personality of the operator. The book should attempt, therefore, to give such instruction as to enable the reader to think out and to solve the local problems for him- self. When practices are described in detail, it is rather more for the purpose of illustrating a prin- ciple than for the giving of direct advice. In this book an effort has been made to dis- cuss all those small fruits which have many or most points in common. Therefore, the strawberry and cranberry have been omitted, and the term bush -fruits, long in use in England, is employed to designate the group. The use of this term will go far towards elucidating the principles involved in the cultivation of the fruits here described, by eliminating unrelated topics for the principles which underlie the management of the strawberry are no more like the principles underlying the management of the blackberry than they are like those concerned in the growing of the apple. The domestication of the bush-fruits is one of the most recent developments of American horticul- ture, and the subject is all the more interesting because all the important types, excepting the cur- rant, are evolutions from the species of our own woods. Since the enterprise is so new, the reader must not expect the advice which is given for the management of the bush-fruit plantation to be as permanent and final as that which might be given for apples or pears. It only remains to say that this book is an extension of a thesis presented to the Cornell Uni- versity for the degree of Master of Science in Agri- culture, and to add that the author was a bush- fruit grower before he was a university student and a teacher. CORNELL UNIVERSITY, ITHACA, N. Y., Sept. 30. 1898, L. H. BAILEY...
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