Business Networks in Clusters and Industrial Districts: The Governance of the Global Value Chain

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Fiorenza Belussi, Alessia Sammarra
Routledge, Sep 10, 2009 - Business & Economics - 448 pages
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During the 1980s the Marshallian concept of industrial district (ID) became widely popular due to the resurgence of interest in the reasons that make the agglomeration of specialised industries a territorial phenomenon worth being analysed. The analysis of clusters and IDs has often been limited, considering only the local dimension of the created business networks. The external links of these systems have been systematically under-evaluated.

This book offers a deep insight into the evolution of these systems and the internal-external mechanism of knowledge circulation and learning. This means that the access to external knowledge (information or R&D cooperative research) or to productive networks (global supply chains) is studied in order to describe how external knowledge is absorbed and how local clusters or districts become global systems. It provides a unified approach; showing that existing capabilities expand when locally embedded knowledge is combined with accessible external knowledge. In this view, external knowledge linkages reduce the danger of cognitive ‘lock-in’ and ‘over-embeddedness’, which may become important obstacles to local learning and innovation when technological trajectories and global economic conditions change. A selection of international experts

 

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Contents

List of figures and tables
Two sidesofthe samecoin? Localandglobal knowledgeflows
The business model of industrial districts and clusters between
3
PART 2
5
the inverse
the making of the cluster of Timişoara
Brazilian tileindustry 13 4 Overall picture ofthesample comparedto the whole
Local
PART 4
district in 2004 14 1 Examples of Chinese policies promoting collective processes of learning
15
16
1
lessons

PART 3
learning and innovation in local

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About the author (2009)

Fiorenza Belussi is Associate Professor of Strategic Management and Organization at the University of Padua, Italy.

Alessia Sammarra is Assistant Professor of Strategic Management and Organization at the Faculty of Economics, University of L’Aquila, Italy.

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