By the Sweat and Toil of Children: The Use of Child Labor in U. S. Agricultural Imports and Forced and Bonded Child Labor, Volume 2
DIANE Publishing, 1997 - Child labor - 210 pages
Reviews commonly practiced, & often egregious, forms of child labor: the exploitation of children in commercial agriculture & fishing industries producing primarily for export & forced or bonded child labor. Discusses educational, economic, familial, governmental, & societal factors contributing to the use of child labor. Looks at working conditions, health & safety, & terms of employment of children. Examines the situations of forced child labor including debt bondage & the trafficking, sale & fraudulent recruitment of children. The study provides regional & specific industrial profiles. Country & product indexes.
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1994 the United 29 Concerning Forced adult Anti-Slavery International Article bonded child labor bonded laborers Brazil carpet industry child domestic child prostitutes child workers Children in Bondage commercial agriculture competent authority compulsory labour Contemporary Forms Country Reports debt bondage Delhi Department of Labor Elimination of Child employers employment ensure estimated factories families farms fishing forced child labor forced or compulsory Forms of Slavery girls Government hereinafter ILO Convention ILRERF Report India International Child Labor International Labor Organization Juyal Kamaiya migrant million Minimum Age Convention Minimum Age Industry Minimum Age Sea Nepal NGOs number of children Pakistan parents Parties percent Philippines plantations Practices for 1994 present Convention ratified recruited rubber sector Similar to Slavery Slavery Slavery in Pakistan Subcontinent sugar cane Thailand Twilight Zone U.N. Supplementary Convention U.N. Working Group U.S. Department unclassified telegram UNICEF United Nations United States imported wages
Page 161 - of the Charter of the United Nations full particulars of all ratifications and acts of denunciation registered by him in accordance with the provisions of the preceding Articles. Article 16 At such times as it may consider necessary the Governing Body of the International Labour
Page 202 - Secretary-General of the United Nations of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession. 2. For each State ratifying or acceding to the Convention after the deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession, the Convention shall enter into force
Page 193 - 25 States Parties recognize the right of a child who has been placed by the competent authorities for the purposes of care, protection or treatment of his or her physical or mental health, to a periodic review of the treatment provided to the child and all other circumstances relevant to his or her placement.
Page 204 - Article 53 The Secretary-General of the United Nations is designed as the depositary of the present Convention. Article 54 The original of the present Convention, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the SecretaryGeneral of the Nations. Appendix
Page 79 - Forced or Compulsory Labor as "all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily.
Page 189 - 18 1. States Parties shall use their best efforts to ensure recognition of the principle that both parents have common responsibilities for the upbringing and development of the child. Parents or, as the case may be, legal guardians, have the primary responsibility for the upbringing and development of the child. The best interests of the child will be their
Page 193 - right in accordance with their national law. 2. The benefits should, where appropriate, be granted, taking into account the resources and the circumstances of the child and persons having responsibility for the maintenance of the child, as well as any other consideration relevant to an application for benefits made by or on behalf of the child.
Page 195 - the present article and to the requirements that the education given in such institutions shall conform to such minimum standards as may be laid down by the State. Artide 30 In those states in which ethnic, religious or
Page 80 - that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child's education, or to be harmful to the child's health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development.
Page 189 - 16 1. No child shall be subjected to arbitrary or unlawful interference with his or her privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to unlawful attacks on his or her honor and reputation. 2. The child has the right to protection of the law against such interference