The earthly empire of Byzantium--Christian in religion and Hellenic in culture--dominated the political and religious history of Europe for over a thousand years. The Byzantines regarded their earthly empire as a reflection of God's empire in heaven, and this ideology was manifested in their politics, religion, and art. In this introduction to the history of Byzantium, from the fourth to the fourteenth century, Rowena Loverance draws on the British Museum's rich collections of spectacular Byzantine silver, ivories, jewelry, and icons, as well as pieces from the empire's Persian and Germanic neighbors.
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The creation of Byzantium page
The achievements of Justinian
Persians and other barbarians
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4th century Antioch apse Arab army artistic Asia Minor attack Ayia Sophia Balkans barbarians Basil basilica Battle Belisarius built Bulgar Bulgaria Byzan Byzantine Byzantium Caliphate Carthage Treasure central Christ Christian church classical cloisonne conquests Constantine Constantine ix Constantinople cross Crusade Cyprus Cyprus Treasure decoration divine dome dynasty early east eastern Egypt eleventh century emperor enamel Esquiline Treasure Europe example fall of Constantinople figure gold Greece Greek Heraclius Hippodrome icon Iconoclast imperial inscription Islamic Italy Ivory panel Jerusalem jewellery John Justinian Khusro kingdom land Latin Macedonian medallion Mediterranean military Mistra mosaic Nicaea nomadic North Africa oecumenical pagan painted Palace Palaeologan Persian Persian Empire Phocas pilgrim tokens probably reign religious reliquary Robert Guiscard Roman Empire Rome sack saint Sassanian scenes Seljuk Serbia shows siege Silver dish sixth century Slavs survive symbol Syria territories Theodore Metochites Thessalonica tion tium Turks victory Virgin Visigoths walls western