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Effective width of Tbeams
Limitation of concrete stresses at the serviceability
400 MPa fck acting amount of reinforcement axial stresses biaxial bending calculated centroid CM CM compression reinforcement compression zone concrete grades Reinforcement concrete strength concrete stresses design aids design load effects design of rectangular design procedure design stress—strain Design Table determined dimensions distribution eccentricity effective width Example flange given hf/d interaction surface internal forces kN/m lever arm linear elastic manual mechanical reinforcement ratio membrane forces Model Code MPa Nd MUnchen neutral axis obtained partial safety factor plane of symmetry prestressing force prestressing steel prevailing bending prevailing compression rectangular cross-sections rectangular distribution reduced bending rein reinforced concrete reinforced rectangular section Reinforcement arrangement reinforcement direction reinforcement pattern required amount resistant load effects serviceability limit stress—strain relationship symmetrically reinforced rectangular Table Design taken into account tendons tensile tensile strength tensile stresses tension force tension reinforcement ultimate limit unit length