Cadaver Dog Handbook: Forensic Training and Tactics for the Recovery of Human Remains

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CRC Press, Aug 29, 2000 - Law - 232 pages
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Intended for those who train and handle cadaver dogs, this book also encompasses information for those who work closely with them, such as police, death investigators, and anthropologists. Its interdisciplinary approach is useful to any member of a forensic team who regularly participates in or evaluates the results of the human remains search effort.
Cadaver Dog Handbook sets out the principles and procedures for the training and handling of dogs for the location of human remains. It explains scent theory and its applications, introduces basic training and searching strategies/tactics, and covers the legal and taphonomic issues associated with dog searches. Intended for those who train and handle cadaver dogs, this book also encompasses information for those who work closely with them, such as police, death investigators, and anthropologists. Its interdisciplinary approach is useful to any member of a forensic team who regularly participates in or evaluates the results of the human remains search effort.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
A BRIEF HISTORY OF CADAVER DOGS
2
OVERVIEW OF BOOK TOPICS AND ORGANIZATION
3
DOG BASICS
5
DOG NOSES AND DOG BRAINS
7
SCENT CONE THEORY
11
LIVE SCENT VERSUS DEATH SCENT
12
SCENT AND THE ENVIRONMENT
16
Construct the Backline
113
Document Alerts and Finds
114
USE OF REMOTE SENSING AND OTHER TECHNIQUES
115
OTHER METHODS FOR VENTING SOIL
117
OTHER TECHNIQUES
118
BEHIND THE SCENES TAPHONOMY
121
DISARTICULATION
124
SEARCH STRATEGIES FOR DISARTICULATED REMAINS
126

LIMITS OF CADAVER DOGS AND SCENT DETECTION
22
TRAINING THE CADAVER DOG
23
TRAINING BASICS
24
Training without Punishment
26
READING THE DOG
33
Training Principles
35
TRAINING PROGRESSION
38
GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR TRAINING AND PRACTICE
56
TRAINING SCENARIOS
57
ONGOING TRAINING REGIME
60
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
61
FINAL NOTE AND CAUTION
65
TRAINING MATERIALS
67
Soil Samples
68
Putresclne 14 Dlaminobutane and Cadaverine 15 Diaminopentane
69
STORAGE CONTAINERS
70
EQUIPMENT AND SETUP NEEDED FOR IMPRINTING PHASE
72
PROFESSIONAL ISSUES
73
RECORD KEEPING
75
SEARCH REPORTS
76
RESUME
77
EVALUATING THE QUALIFICATIONS OF AN UNKNOWN DOGHANDLER TEAM
78
QUALIFYING THE DOGHANDLER TEAM AS AN EXPERT WITNESS
80
LEGAL ISSUES
83
EXERCISING DUE CARE
84
JOINT AND SEVERAL LIABILITY
85
PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS FOR CANINE SEARCHES IN GENERAL
91
HANDLING A SEARCH REQUEST
95
EVALUATING THE APPROPRIATENESS OF USING A PARTICULAR HANDLER OR CANINE
96
PROMISES AND DELIVERABLES
97
THE SEARCH
99
TYPES OF CANINE CADAVER SEARCHES
100
FOCUSED SPECULATIVE SEARCH
101
NONFOCUSED SPECULATIVE SEARCHES
102
FORENSIC CONTEXTS
103
SERIAL MURDERS
104
SUICIDE
105
AIDS TO LOCATION
106
SEARCH APPLICATIONS
110
Establish a Search Baseline and Anchor Point
111
Mark the Baseline
112
WORKING WITH THE ANTHROPOLOGIST
128
AT THE SCENE
129
ONSITE GUIDELINES
130
PERIODIC REINFORCEMENT
132
LAND SEARCHES
135
SPECIAL SEARCH SITUATIONS
137
GRID SEARCHES
138
ROADSIDES
139
LANDFILLS
140
SWAMPS
141
Open Grid and Large Area Search
142
DISMEMBERED BODIES
143
SCENT LINEUPS
144
ADAPTING TO SPECIAL TERRAIN AND SITE CIRCUMSTANCES
145
CHANGES IN ELEVATION
146
DRAINAGE PATTERNS
148
DIFFICULT TO EXPLAIN ALERTS
150
WATER SEARCHES
151
TRAINING STEPS USING A SCENT CAPSULE
152
TRAINING USING A SCENT PUMP
153
DRY DROWNING
154
SEARCH EXAMPLE
155
EXCEPTIONS
156
GENERAL SUGGESTIONS
157
Upstream Against the Wind
160
RECOVERY
161
HANDLER CUEING THE DOG
162
BIBLIOGRAPHY
163
RESOURCES SELECTED TRAINING AIDS AND EQUIPMENT
167
CONTINUING EDUCATION OPPORTUNITIES
171
PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
172
REPORT EXAMPLES
173
EXAMPLE OF RECOVERY EXPANSION SEARCH REPORT
176
RESUME EXAMPLES
179
HANDLER RESUME EXAMPLE B
183
CANINE RESUME EXAMPLE
185
TRAINING RECORD EXAMPLE
187
GLOSSARY
189
INDEX
199
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