Caen Castle: A Ten Centuries Old Fortress Within the Town
Joseph DecaŽns, Adrien Dubois, MicaŽl Allainguillaume
Publications du CRAHM, 2010 - Architecture - 128 pages
Founded by William the Conqueror, the castle of Caen was 'rediscovered' after WWII, offering up more and more historical information thanks to archaeologists and historians working on the project, starting with Michel de Bouard. Although the evidence of the first duke's palace is today rather scant, the hall of the 'Exchequer' has retained some of the magnificence that it must have exuded in the XIIth century, despite the transformations it has undergone through time. As for the castle keep, which was torn down during the French Revolution, its foundations continue to fascinate many a visitor, drawing upon the Anglo-Norman origins of the edifice, whereas the porte des Champs built in the XIIIth century harks back to the days of the return of Normandy to French possession and finally the Saint-Pierre barbican recalls the Hundred Years' War. One should nevertheless not forget what the castle enceinte with its towers and drawbridge used to be in the Middle Ages - a town within the town, with its parish church dedicated to Saint-George. Today, the castle lies in the heart of the town, having been restored to its pride of place, and has become an essential cultural venue, housing none other than the Museum of Normandy, the Rampart Rooms and the Musee des Beaux-Arts which draw art and history lovers from across the world.
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archaeological arrowslits Arts Museum aula barbican beam structure BM Caen bombings building built Caen castle castle enceinte castle keep cavalier perspective century XIIth century chemise wall circa construction courtyard dating back ditch Duke of Normandy early XIVth century enceinte English occupation engraving entrance Exchequer Hall F F F F Fields Gate Porte forge fortress France garrison house gateway George’s church Governor’s Lodge ground floor Gunpowder magazine Henry I Beauclerc Holy Trinity Abbey horse bits inner ward inside King of England King’s Lodge limestone Louis Louis XIII mantlet wall masonry medieval Michel de BoŁard Middle Ages Monuments historiques Museum of Normandy NW rampart Peter’s church Phase Philip II Augustus photo by FD population Porte des Champs preserved prisons Puchot Tower Queen Matilda’s Tower Queen’s Hall Rampart Rooms remains restoration staircase Stephen’s Abbey town of Caen University of Caen wall-walk XIIth XIth XIVth century XIXth XVth