Calendar of the fine rolls of the reign of Henry III: preserved in The National Archives, Volume 2
The Fine Rolls were the earliest rolls kept by the English royal chancery. Recording offers of money to the king for all manner of concessions and favours, they are central to the study of political, governmental, legal, social and economic history. The reign of Henry III (1216-1272) is a particularly rich period for surviving documents; there are some 56 rolls preserved in the National Archives, one for each regnal year. However, despite the light they shed on politics, government, and society, they have never previously been properly edited or published, and these fully-indexed volumes - covering the period up to 1248 - will therefore be widely welcomed. The Latin rolls are presented in English translation, with all identifiable place-names modernised, although the original forms are preserved; and each volume includes full person, place and subject indexes. This volume covers in some detail the first phase of Henry's personal rule, which begain in 1234. The rolls provide key evidence both for the great reform of the realm following Henry's marriage to Eleanor of Provence in 1236 and for the concessions by which Henry encouraged participation in his Poitevin campaign of 1242. In two years when fine rolls are missing the volume prints originalia rolls (copies of the fine rolls sent to the Exchequer) in their place, thus enabling detailed examination of the processes by which the king raised his revenue.
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HENRY III 28 October 122527 October 1226
HENRY III 28 October 122627 October 1227
HENRY III 28 October 122727 October 1228
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15 days abbot accepted security aforesaid debt aforesaid land amercements annum assize of novel bailiwick barons Bedfordshire Berkshire bishop bishop of Bath bishop of Winchester Buckinghamshire Cambridgeshire charter Concerning respite concerning the land custody Dorset earl enrolled Exchequer of Easter Exchequer of Michaelmas Exchequer to cause fitz full seisin Geoffrey given respite gives the king Gloucestershire half a mark Henry Hertfordshire Hugh Huntingdonshire justiciar king has committed king has given king has granted king has taken king in chief King John king orders otherwise king's hand knight's fee knights land and heir lands formerly Lincolnshire Membrane Nicholas Northamptonshire Nottinghamshire novel disseisin Order to cause originalia roll owes the king Oxfordshire Painscastle place in respite Ralph rendering the aforesaid respite the demand Richard Robert Roger scutage sheriff of Gloucestershire sheriff of Hampshire sheriff of Lincolnshire sheriff of Oxfordshire sheriff of Yorkshire summons tallage Thomas Walter Warwickshire Westminster wife William Wiltshire