California and Great Basin Olivella Shell Bead Guide
Olivella shell beads are ubiquitous at Central California Indian sites and were traded far inland by the local inhabitants. Their distinctive patterns of manufacture provide archaeologists with important chronological, morphological, and distributional information. This guide--authored by a professional artifact replicator and an archaeological expert on shell bead typology-- offers a well developed 16-category typology, including the descriptive, temporal, and metric characteristics of each style, illustrated with almost 200 color photographs. Spiral bound to facilitate field and laboratory work, it is an essential tool for conducting archaeology in the American west. Sponsored by the Society for California Archaeology and Pacific Legacy, Inc.
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3X Actual angle index bead illustrated bead lots bead types Bennyhoff and Hughes body whorl C2 Split Drilled C3 Split Ovals Callus Beads central California beads central perforations Class F Saddles Class G beads classiﬁcation Columella David Hurst Thomas Description Early Period edge finish Elliptic Symmetric variant example illustrated face diameter illustrated by Bennyhoff illustrated in Figure incised Irregular Saucer Large Narrow Saddle Late Period Metrics Middle Period Middle/Late Transition mixed lots molding non-metrical attributes Olivella bead Olivella shell bead outliers Oval variant perforation diameter Phase 2b quarter-shell Randy recovered rectangular Rectanguloid Oblique variants Replica Examples Replica Item Replica Set Representation Saddle beads Saddles are wide Saddles Item San Joaquin Valley shelf edge shell axis Similar Beads Small Narrow Saddle Smooth Saddles southern California Spire-lopped beads spires removed subtype Temporal Significance Thin Lipped beads tions typology Unshelved Vellanoweth wall beads wall disks whole shells Wide Saddles width width/length index