Campaign Finance Reform: Experiences of Two States That Offered Full Public Funding for Political Candidates
DIANE Publishing, 2010 - 141 pages
The 2000 elections in Maine and Arizona were the first in the nation┐s history where candidates seeking state legislative seats had the option to fully fund their campaigns with public moneys. In 2003, the programs┐ goals were to: (1) increase electoral competition; (2) increase voter choice; (3) curb increases in campaign costs; (4) reduce interest group influence; and (5) increase voter participation. The number of candidates who participated in the programs increased from 2000 to 2002. This report: (1) provides data on candidate participation; and (2) describes changes in five goals of Maine┐s and Arizona┐s programs in the 2000 through 2008 elections and the extent to which changes could be attributed to the programs. Illustrations.
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2008 election cycle amount analysis of Maine Arizona’s public financing ballot campaign spending candidate’s candidates running candidates we interviewed challengers Citizens Clean Elections Clean Elections Act committee confidence in government Connecticut Contested races Election Assistance Commission election results data electoral competition factors financing became available five elections GAO analysis House of Representatives included increasing voter incumbent candidates incumbent reelection rates independent expenditures interest group influence interest group representatives issue advocacy Legislative Candidate Spending legislative districts Legislative Election Campaigns legislative races legislative seats legislature Maine and Arizona Maine’s and Arizona’s margin of victory matching funds models nonparticipating candidates nonprobability sample opponent outcomes participating candidates percentage points political action committees political parties primary election Programs for Legislative programs in Maine public financing became public financing law public financing program public funds qualifying contributions received zero votes seats in contention Source state’s statistical Table voter turnout votes and write-in voting-age citizens write-in candidates