Can That Be Right?: Essays on Experiment, Evidence, and Science
In this collection of essays Allan Franklin defends the view that science provides us with knowledge about the world which is based on experimental evidence and on reasoned and critical discussion. In short, he argues that science is a reasonable enterprise. Case studies are then used to examine issues such as how discord between experimental results is resolved, calibration of an experimental apparatus and its legitimate use in validating an experimental result, and how experimental results provide reasonable grounds for belief in both the truth of physical theories and in the existence of the entities involved in those theories. This book is a challenge to the critics of science, both postmodern and constructivist, to provide convincing alternative explanations of the episodes and issues discussed. It should be of interest to philosophers, historians, and sociologists of science, and to scientists themselves.
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HOW TO AVOID THE EXPERIMENTERS REGRESS
THE APPEARANCE AND DISAPPEARANCE OF
INSTRUMENTAL LOYALTY AND THE RECYCLING
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17-keV neutrino analysis procedure antenna approximately argued arguments atomic parity violation atomic parity-violation atomic physics background beam believe Bonvicini branching ratio bremsstrahlung calculation calibration pulses Cerenkov counter chambers coincidences Collins constructivists CP violation critics decay modes detect detector discordant results discussion effect electron Eotvos episode error existence experiment experimental apparatus experimental evidence experimental results factor Fifth Force Fischbach Franklin gravitational radiation gravity waves heavy neutrino Hime and Jelley hypothesis included interactions K+ decay K+ meson K+e2 K+e3 decay K+m2 kaons keV neutrino kink linear algorithm magnetic spectrometer mass measured mesons MeV/c mixing probability momentum muon negative results nonlinear algorithm Novosibirsk observed Oxford parameters parity violation physics community Pickering pions positive results positrons predicted question reanalysis reasons reported scientific scientists sensitive shown in Figure signal Simpson Simpson and Hime SLAC spark chambers spectrum statistical suggested theoretical Thieberger tritium W-S theory Weber Weber's results Weinberg-Salam