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The Maximin Principle and Its Paradoxes I
The Maximin Principle and Its Paradoxes II
U Do Counterexamples Matter?
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actual fact antibiotic attitudes towards risk-taking average utility level based on counterexamples basic Bayesian theory benefit that future chance Chicago job choose the Chicago citizens classical utilitarianism concept of justice contractarian course decision rule decision theory difference principle Downs's motivational assumptions economic empirical probabilities equi-probability assumption expected-utility maximization principle given individual hoc assumptions human implications important individual's institutional arrangement interpersonal utility comparisons Kantian principle least implicitly let us assume means moral philosophy moral value judgment number of individuals optimal savings original position philosophers plane accident policies poor job practical conclusions preference principle of average principle of indifference principle would require psychological laws rationality postulates RAWLS'S OBJECTION Rawls's theory reasonable retarded sense of justice situation social arrangement social systems society consisting stay alive subjective probabilities suggest supererogatory actions Suppose uncertainty unfavorable odds utilitarian theories veil of ignorance vNM utility function worst possible outcome worst-off individual X's winning yields a moral