Cancer: We Live and Die by Radiation
This is a book about radiation oncology, a study of cancer and the role radiation plays in its development, diagnosis, and treatment. This book explores radiation as both a killer and a healer by introducing the reader to the effect of radiation on the body and the way radiation is harnessed to both diagnose and destroy cancer.After introducing the tools used for diagnosis and treatment, a brief explanation is given on how cancer is measured using staging and statistics. Who gets cancer and the risk factors for each particular cancer are briefly described with comparisons made between the United States, Canada, Japan, and the U.K. Cancers are then individually described and grouped somewhat arbitrarily by body site and function.The discussions of each cancer include summaries of key trials and recent studies of modern treatment options by stage focusing on the efficacy of radiotherapy and its associated risks with comparisons to alternative therapies such as surgery and chemotherapy. Each chapter concludes with practical evaluations of the “best treatment” with an emphasis on quality of life. The use of radiation for palliation and treating other diseases is also described.This work is written with the patient, the family, the friends, and the caregivers in mind for the purpose of providing a quick reference for making informed choices. Knowledge of science is not necessary as concepts are defined in simple terms and easy access is provided for important information such as cancer staging, cancer statistics, radiography and radiotherapy tools, radiotherapy techniques, and radionuclides used in brachytherapy. For those interested in further research, references to original works are included. The book includes a glossary and an appendix.
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5-year overall survival 5-year survival rates adenocarcinoma adjuvant radiotherapy age-adjusted American Cancer Society Anderson Cancer Center associated beam best cancer hospital Biol blood bone brachytherapy brain breast cancer cancer patients carcinogen cell lung cancer cervical cancer chemoradiotherapy chemotherapy cisplatin Clin colon Comprehensive Cancer Center coworkers deaths develop diagnosed disease distant metastasis dose EBRT exposure Gamma Knife gland IMRT incidence ionizing radiation irradiation Jemal June Kaposi's sarcoma kidney leukemia liver long-term lung cancer lymph nodes lymphoma M. D. Anderson Cancer malignant mammograms mammography Medical Center melanoma metastases mortality National Cancer Institute NCI-designated Comprehensive Cancer Oncol overall survival rates pancreatic cancer patients treated Phys prognosis prostate cancer proton radiation therapy radiation-induced radioactive radioisotopes radiosurgery rectum regional resection retrospective study risk factors screening stage stomach surgery surgical removal thyroid cancer tissue U.S. Central Intelligence United States U.S. University urinary Varian Medical Systems women World Report 2006 worldwide X-rays