Cancers in the Urban Environment
This volume, the first of its kind ever, is designed to provide both laypersons and professionals with a detailed description of the occurrence of each common form of cancer in the ethnically, socially, and environmentally complex milieu of a modern urban complex. The place is Los Angeles County, and the patterns of 72 different malignancies are described according to race, age, sex, social class calendar time (since 1972) and most notably, individual neighborhood, using detailed maps of high risk.
The book permits residents to screen the malignancies and identify those of special concern locally, and to identify other communities with similar concerns. The pattern of each malignancy is briefly discussed with reference to background knowledge of causation and the degree to which the observed pattern was expected on that basis. Persons residing outside Los Angeles County will identify patterns likely to prevail in their own communities.
Physicians and scientific investigators in California and elsewhere can use the material provided to counsel patients and evaluate the consistency of any specific pattern of occurrence with each specific causal hypothesis. A detailed appendix describes the source of data, provides the basis for the choices made in the production of the volume, and gives a perspective on the search for “clusters of malignancy.
* Compares different types of cancers with respect to the degree of non-random occurrence
* Contains numerous maps detailing the demographic and geographic pattern of cancer occurrence in Los Angeles County
* Provides an empirical perspective to the search for disease "clusters"
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Chapter 3 Colon Carcinoma Total Both Upper and Sigmoid
Chapter 4 Lung and Bronchus Carcinoma Total All Types
Chapter 7 Stomach NonHodgkin Lymphomas All NonHodgkin Lymphoma Types
Chapter 8 Other Gastrointestinal NonHodgkin Lymphomas All NonHodgkin Lymphoma Types
Chapter 9 Lymph NodeOther Organ NonHodgkin Lymphomas All NonHodgkin Lymphoma Types
Chapter 10 All Malignancies of InfantsToddlers
Chapter 11 All Malignancies of Older Children
Chapter 12 All Malignancies of Young Adults
Chapter 13 All Malignancies of Older Adults
Chapter 14 All Malignancies
Chapter 5 All NonHodgkin Lymphomas All NonHodgkin Lymphoma Types
Chapter 6 Central Nervous System NonHodgkin Lymphomas All NonHodgkin Lymphoma Types
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adjusted for social age and race/ethnicity age intervals Age-adjusted incidence rate Angeles County Angeles San Francisco Black Non-Latino White cancer All cancers/300 carcinoma cases/census tract census tracts relative CT high risk Distribution excess of census Expected by Poisson Figure 6 shows Figure 7a Figure 9 Francisco Utah SEER high high-mid medium high risk CT high-mid medium mid-low high-risk census tracts Hodgkin lymphoma ICDO-2 Code Anatomic ICDO-2 Code Histology Latino Black Non-Latino Los Angeles County lung cancer male risk ratio Male-female correlation malignancies Map of census medium mid-low low medium mid-low socio-economic mid-low socio-economic status Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Non-Latino White Asian number of cases/census Observed Expected occur period Figure period for high-risk rate by age rate by place rate by social relative risk values risk census tracts risks for high-risk San Francisco Utah SEER Denmark 0.0 social class socio-economic status Figure Thumbnail Interpretation tracts at high tracts with unexpectedly Unadjusted Utah SEER Denmark