Candido / Candide

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LD Books, Aug 1, 2006 - Fiction - 157 pages
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This is about the life of Candide, the illegitimate nephew of a German baron. He grows up in the baron's castle under the tutelage of the scholar Pangloss, who teaches him that this world is "the best of all possible worlds." Candide falls in love with the baron's young daughter and the baron catches the two kissing and expels Candide from his home. On his own for the first time, this is the begining of the real Candide's life.
 

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Contents

Prólogo
7
De lo que sucedió a Cándido con los búlgaros
14
Halla Cándido a su antiguo maestro
21
Celébrase un auto de fe para que no haya terremotos
29
Lo que les sucedió a Cunegunda a Cándido
39
Historia de la vieja
45
Prosigue la vieja contando sus desgradas
50
Sepárase Cándido de la hermosa Cunegunda y de la vieja
55
Cándido y Cacambo llegan a Surinam y de lo que allí les sucedió
85
De lo que sucedió a Cándido y a Martín durante su navegación
93
Cándido y Martín se acercan a las costas de Francia y siguen hablando
97
De lo que les pasó en Francia a Cándido y a Martín
100
De lo que vieron Cándido y Martín al llegar a las costas de Inglaterra
114
Vicisitudes de la Paulita
117
Visita de Cándido y Martín al senador Pococurante
124
Trátase de una comida que tuvieron
132

Viaje de Cándido y su criado a los establecimientos jesuíticos del Paraguay
59
De lo que hizo Cándido en un momento de cólera
64
De lo que sucedió a los dos viajeros en la tierra de los orejones
67
Llegan los dos fugitivos a la provincia de El Dorado y ven maravillas
71
Prosigue el aturdimiento de los dos viajeros
77
Viaje de Cándido a Constantinopla
138
Trabajos del barón jesuíta y del doctor Pangloss
144
Se acaba el cuento
152
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

François-Marie Arouet known as Voltaire, was born in Paris in 1694. He was educated by the Jesuits at the Collège Louis-le-Grand (1704-1711), where he learned Latin and Greek; later in life he became fluent in Italian, Spanish, and English. By the time he left school, Voltaire had decided he wanted to be a writer. His father then obtained a job for him as a secretary to the French ambassador in the Netherlands. Most of Voltaire's early life revolved around Paris. From early on, Voltaire had trouble with the authorities for critiques of the government and religious intolerance. These activities were to result in two imprisonments and a temporary exile to England. The name "Voltaire", which the author adopted in 1718, is an anagram of "AROVET LI," the Latinized spelling of his surname, Arouet, and the initial letters of "le jeune" ("the young"). The name also echoes in reverse order the syllables of the name of a family château in the Poitou region: "Airvault". The adoption of the name "Voltaire" following his incarceration at the Bastille is seen by many to mark Voltaire's formal separation from his family and his past. Voltaire continued to write plays, such as Mérope (or La Mérope française) and began his long research into science and history. From 1762, he began to champion unjustly persecuted people, the case of Jean Calas being the most celebrated. This Huguenot merchant had been tortured to death in 1763, supposedly because he had murdered his son for wanting to convert to Catholicism. His possessions were confiscated and his remaining children were taken from his widow and were forced to become members of a monastery. Voltaire, seeing this as a clear case of religious persecution, managed to overturn the conviction in 1765. n February 1778, Voltaire returned for the first time in 20 years to Paris. He soon became ill again and died on 30 May 1778.

Emilio Carballido is known primarily as a playwright and one of the leaders of a movement that revitalized Mexican theater during the 1950s and 1960s. Previously, Mexican theater had been derivative of European models. Carballido is responsible for breaking from the traditional realistic drama and introducing a surrealistic, fantastic world (one to which the Mexican novel had already turned) into the theater. At the same time, Carballido probes the nature of reality and of human responsibility. The play Theseus in the volume The Golden Thread (1957), is a twentieth-century version of the Greek myth, in which Theseus takes full responsibility for his actions. Theseus willfully neglects to put up the white sail of victory on his return from killing the Minotaur so that his father will hurl himself from the Parthenon and he will become king. The Clockmaker from Cordoba is a wryly comic vision of the fallibility of justice and the weakness of humankind. Like all Carballido's work, ultimately The Clockmaker from Cordoba expresses an abiding faith in a weak but essentially striving humanity.

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