Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany
Univ of California Press, Sep 1, 2013 - Science - 434 pages
Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary exploration of the natural origins and early evolution of this famous plant, highlighting its historic role in the development of human societies. Cannabis has long been prized for the strong and durable fiber in its stalks, its edible and oil-rich seeds, and the psychoactive and medicinal compounds produced by its female flowers. The culturally valuable and often irreplaceable goods derived from cannabis deeply influenced the commercial, medical, ritual, and religious practices of cultures throughout the ages, and human desire for these commodities directed the evolution of the plant toward its contemporary varieties. As interest in cannabis grows and public debate over its many uses rises, this book will help us understand why humanity continues to rely on this plant and adapts it to suit our needs.
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The Cultural Diffusion of Cannabis
Ethnobotanical History and Contemporary
Nonpsychoactive Ritual Uses
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Classical and Molecular Taxonomy
of Cannabis Biotypes
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agriculture ancestor ancient anemophily archaeobotanical archeological areas Asian bhang biotypes breeding Canna Cannabaceae cannabinoid Cannabis sativa Cannabis seeds Cannabis’s Central Asia century Chapter China Chinese climate cordage crop cultivars CULTURAL DIFFUSION dated DIFFUSION OF CANNABIS dioecious dispersal drug eastern Eurasia Europe European evidence evolution of Cannabis evolved farming female plants feral fiber and seed fiber crop flax flowers gene pool genetic hashish hemp cloth hemp cultivation hemp fiber hemp seed hempen Hillig HISTORY OF CANNABIS Hmong Holocene human selection Humulus hybrid important indica ssp indicates inflorescences JŻomon Japan Korea landrace marijuana medicinal monoecious Mountains nabis narrow-leaf Neolithic NLD varieties NLHA northern origin paper period Pleistocene pollen populations production psychoactive range recent referred refugia region relatively remains resin retting ritual rope sativa ShintŻo sinsemilla South Asia southern species spread steppe textile tion traditional Vavilov weaving Western wild