Cannibal Encounters: Europeans and Island Caribs, 1492 - 1763
When the natives of Hispaniola first told Christopher Columbus of their feared enemies to the east - using the Arawak word caniba or carib - the admiral considered two possible explanations. Either these fierce warriors were soldiers of the nearby Great Khan (Spanish can) or they were cannibals. Europeans' dawning awareness of New World geography soon proved Columbus's first theory wrong. But the second has persisted for centuries. In Cannibal Encounters Philip Boucher analyzes the images - and the realities - of European relations with the people known as Island Caribs during the first three centuries after Columbus. Boucher begins by examining the current debate about the Caribs' ethnic origins and the controversy over their supposed cannibalism. Subsequent chapters show how French and English Caribbean policies evolved and how those policies were related to - and influenced by - literary and cultural images in the work of such thinkers as Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau. Although the French and the English developed similar plantation economies that meant harsh treatment for the Caribs, French relations with the islanders were usually less strained than those of the British. Among the reasons for this difference, Boucher argues, were the benevolent influence of French missionaries and merchants and the firm hand of French government, which restrained colonialists' worst excesses. Based on literary sources, travelers' observations, and missionary accounts, as well as on French and English colonial archives and administrative correspondence, Cannibal Encounters offers a vivid portrait of a troubled chapter in the history of European-Amerindian relations.
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aborigines accounts Acosta Allaire America Amerindians Antigua Arawakan Arawaks asserted Baas Barbadian Barbados basseterre Black Caribs Blenac Brazilians Breton British Caliban cannibals capesterre Caribs Carib cannibalism Carib culture Carib islands Carib raids Caribbean century Christopher civil claimed Codrington Colbert colonial colonists Columbus contemporary Council on Trade coureurs d'Esnambuc despite Dominica Dominica and St Dominica Caribs Dutch England especially Euro evidence f1rst f1ve France French island governor-general Greater Antilles Grenada Guadeloupe Gullick hostility Hulme human Ibid images of Caribs Indian Island Caribs island off1cials Jesuit Labat land Leewards Lesser Antilles London Lucia mainland man-eaters Martiniquan Martinique Martire missionaries myths natives natural noble savage numbers Paris Parquet peace pean Philip Warner pirogues planters Poincy population readers relations Rochefort Rousseau royal savage settlement settlers ship signif1cant slaves sources Spaniards Spanish Stapleton strategic Tertre tion Trade and Plantations Treaty of Neutrality Tupinambas Vincent vols voyage warriors West Indies Willoughby windward
Patrimoines métissés. Contextes coloniaux et postcoloniaux.
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Island Lives: Historical Archaeologies of the Caribbean
No preview available - 2001