Canon Law, the Expansion of Europe, and World Order
The articles in this volume trace the development of the theory that humanity forms a single world community and that there exists a body of law governing the relations among the members of that community. These ideas first appeared in the writings of the medieval canon lawyers and received their fullest development in the writings of early modern Spanish intellectuals. Conflict and contact with ‚e~the infidel‚e(tm) provided a stimulus for the elaboration of these ideas in the later Middle Ages, but major impetus was given by the English subjugation of Ireland, and by the discovery of the Americas. This body of work paved the way for the modern notions of an international legal order and universal norms of behavior usually associated with the publication of Hugo Grotius‚e(tm)s work in the seventeenth century.
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A Canonistic Contribution to the Formation of Inter
IB The Contribution of the Medieval Canon Lawyers
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Alanus Americas argued argument Armenians asserted Avignon Avignon papacy Benedict XII Boniface bull Canary canonists Catholic Christ Christian Christian rulers Church claim Clement concerning conquest crusade decretal discussion dominium Donation of Constantine ecclesia ecclesiastical emperor Empire English Europe European extra ecclesiam fidei fourteenth century Glenisson Grotius groups heretics History Hostiensis Huguccio Ibid imperial imperium Indians infidel societies infidels Innocent IV's Inter caetera international law Ireland Irish islands issue iure John Winthrop John Wyclif John XXII king kingdom lands Laudabiliter legitimacy legitimate letters Lewis Hanke medieval missionaries modern Mollat Mongol Moslems Muldoon natives natural law non-Christian opinion Papa papacy papal bulls papal responsibility political pope possessed pre-Grotian problem Protestant quam Raynaldus reform religion religious Requerimiento role Roman Rome schismatics Scott secular power secular rulers sixteenth century Solorzano Spanish spiritual Suarez sunt temporal theory thirteenth century Unam sanctam Vatican Register 62 Vitoria Vladimiri vols Wyclif