Canonical Morphology and Syntax
Dunstan Brown, Marina Chumakina, Greville G. Corbett
OUP Oxford, 2013 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 312 pages
This is the first book to present Canonical Typology, a framework for comparing constructions and categories across languages. The canonical method takes the criteria used to define particular categories or phenomena (eg negation, finiteness, possession) to create a multidimensional space in which language-specific instances can be placed. In this way, the issue of fit becomes a matter of greater or lesser proximity to a canonical ideal. Drawing on the expertise of world class scholars in the field, the book addresses the issue of cross-linguistic comparability, illustrates the range of areas - from morphosyntactic features to reported speech - to which linguists are currently applying this methodology, and explores to what degree the approach succeeds in discovering the elusive canon of linguistic phenomena.
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an introduction to Canonical Typology
2 A base for canonical negation
3 Canonical morphosyntactic features
a canonical approach
5 Unpacking finiteness
6 The canonical clitic
prototypical vs canonical passives
8 The criteria for reflexivization
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adposition affixes agentless agreement alienable possession anaphoric Animacy argument assertion attributive modification base bindee biperspectival canonical affix canonical approach canonical clitic canonical ideal canonical indirect speech canonical properties Canonical Typology characterization clause concepts Corbett criteria criterion cross-linguistic defined definition dependent Description Logic descriptive linguistics deviations dimensions discussion distribution domain element encoding example expression finiteness formal function words gender grammatical honoriWcity impersonal passives inalienable independent clauses inflectional instance Kwaza languages less canonical lexeme lexical items linguistic Linguistic Typology Maanyan marker means modification-by-noun modifier morpheme morphology morphophonological morphosyntactic morphosyntactic features negation nominal non-canonical notion ontology overt agent particular passive agents periphrastic perspective phenomenon phonological phrase possessor predicate primary speech event pronominal pronoun prosodic prototypical reference reflexive reflexivization reported speaker reported speech event respect semantic specific speech act strategy structure suffix suppletion syntactic syntax synthetic tense types typologist Udihe values verb verbal marking