Cantonese Opera: Performance as Creative Process
Cantonese opera is one of the grandest of the traditional musical theatres in China. This book investigates the creative process involved in the performance of these operas, in which as many as fifty or sixty singers/actors/dancers and a dozen or more instrumentalists take part. Based on fieldwork in Hong Kong and upon transcription and analysis of the music from live performances, this book investigates this extraordinary performance, focusing on social function, the script, the language and the individual singer's creative input. Bell Yung suggests a model of creative process that involves a set of rules according to which singers operate, improvise and interact. He also considers other theoretical issues, most importantly the relationship between text and music and the question of the variance or invariance of melodies.
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Introduction to Chinese Opera
Essential elements of Cantonese opera as performing art
The opera script
Three levels of creative process
Linguistic tones romanization system and pronunciation guide
Text of musical examples in Chinese characters
Sources of musical examples
Names of performers plays and opera companies
An upper line of Bongji Maanbaan showing an added phrase
aria type Bongji Maanbaan Cantonese music Cantonese opera chapter China Chinese opera cont creative process dialect dramatic ensemble Entering Tone erhu example Faaidim faan fixed tunes gong Guangdong Guangdongsheng gung Gwanfa heptatonic scale Hong Kong identity instrumentalists interludes intervals Jingsin Kunqu Lady Pearl large number line-ending pitches linguistic tones Lower Even Tone lower line Magic Pearl matching melodic contour metrical Ming dynasty Muk'yu musicians Naamyam narrative songs notation notes number of syllables octave opening couplet oral delivery types padding syllables Patter Speech Peking opera percussion patterns performance phrase leader syllables pitch levels Plain Speech play quatrain regional operas repertory rhythmic rule saang scale degrees scene scriptwriter seui shown in figure singer singing speech types stage strings strong beat sung syllable placement tempo theater troupe upper line verse structure versions of Chatjiching voice type woodblock Yinyue Yuan Yueju changqiang zaju Zhongguo