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KNOWHOW FLOWS GEOGRAPHIC ORGANIZATION
Pharmaceutical Study Summary Statistics All Periods N121 64
19 other sections not shown
acquisition agglomeration AllLabs American Home Products analgesic benefits Chemical Entities coefficient colocation companies company's competitors control variables Corporate Count of Patents dense communication dependent variable Directory diseconomies Division dummy economies EKCO ELDummy empirical Equation ethical drug ethical labs ethical research EthicalLabs Explaining The Count external know-how Field of R&D geographic centralization geographic decentralization geographic organization geographic spillover effects geographic spillovers HOME P AMERICAN Hypothesis impact increase Indicates significance internal invented Johnson & Johnson Key Technology Class know-how diversification know-how exchanges know-how flows Laboratoire lEthicalSales Log Geographic Centralization Log R&D Expenditures measure of geographic measures of innovation NCEs optimal organizational patents patents and publications period pharmaceutical industry Pink Sheet positive Pres product market diversification proximity R&D activities R&D intensity R&D laboratories R&D labs regression relationship research activities research laboratories sample Sterling Drug subsidiaries technological diversification technological innovation VPres York