Carbon Cycling in the Baltic Sea
Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 5, 2012 - Science - 130 pages
The Baltic Sea is an area extensively explored by the oceanographers. Hence it is one of the most often described marine areas in the scientific literature. However, there are still several fields which are poorly investigated and reported by scientists. One of them is the carbon cycle of the Baltic Sea. Although it is believed the shelf seas are responsible for about 20% of all marine carbon dioxide uptake, while they constitute only 7% of the whole sea surface, still a scientific debate exists on the role of the Baltic Sea in the global carbon cycle. “Carbon cycle of the Baltic Sea” is intended to be a comprehensive presentation and discussion of state of the art research by biogeochemists involved in the Baltic Sea carbon cycle research. This work presents both qualitative and quantitative descriptions of the main carbon flows in the Baltic Sea as well as their possible shifts induced by climatic and global change.
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Algesten anthropogenic CO2 atmospheric CO2 Author Team 2008 average BACC Author Team Baltic Proper Baltic Sea Berlin biological pump Bozec carbon budget carbon cycle carbon dioxide carbon exchange carbon fluxes carbon inflow carbon load characterized Chen and Borges climate change CO2 exchange CO2 flux coastal contribution Corg Danish Straits DIC and DOC dissolved organic DOC concentrations Earth’s Emeis Emerson and Hedges environment estimated eutrophication export g C m-2 Gdansk Deep Geophys Res global Gotland Gotland Deep Gulf of Bothnia Gulf of Finland Gulf of Riga HELCOM increase incubation inorganic IPCC marine mg dm-3 nitrogen North Sea North Sea water nutrient ocean Omstedt organic carbon concentrations phytoplankton primary productivity regions river runoff samples Schneider 1999 Science Sea DOC sea level seasonal seawater sediment accumulation rates sediment core shelf seas sources southern Baltic Springer temperature Tg C year-1 Thomas and Schneider total carbon values Wasmund water column