Carbon Nanotube Enhanced Aerospace Composite Materials: A New Generation of Multifunctional Hybrid Structural Composites

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A. Paipetis, V. Kostopoulos
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 13, 2012 - Technology & Engineering - 376 pages
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The well documented increase in the use of high performance composites as structural materials in aerospace components is continuously raising the demands in terms of dynamic performance, structural integrity, reliable life monitoring systems and adaptive actuating abilities. Current technologies address the above issues separately; material property tailoring and custom design practices aim to the enhancement of dynamic and damage tolerance characteristics, whereas life monitoring and actuation is performed with embedded sensors that may be detrimental to the structural integrity of the component.

This publication explores the unique properties of carbon nanotubes (CNT) as an additive in the matrix of Fibre Reinforced Plastics (FRP), for producing structural composites with improved mechanical performance as well as sensing/actuating capabilities. The successful combination of the CNT properties and existing sensing actuating technologies leads to the realization of a multifunctional FRP structure. The current volume presents the state of the art research in this field.

The contributions cover all the aspects of the novel composite systems, i.e. modeling from nano to macro scale, enhancement of structural efficiency, dispersion and manufacturing, integral health monitoring abilities, Raman monitoring, as well as the capabilities that ordered carbon nanotube arrays offer in terms of sensing and/or actuating in aerospace composites.

 

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Contents

Carbon Nanotubes for Novel Hybrid Structural Composites with Enhanced Damage Tolerance and SelfSensingActuating Abilities
1
On the Use of Electrical Conductivity for the Assessment of Damage in Carbon Nanotubes Enhanced Aerospace Composites
21
Carbon Nanotube Structures with Sensing and Actuating Capabilities
57
Mechanical Dispersion Methods for Carbon Nanotubes in Aerospace Composite Matrix Systems
98
Chemical Functionalization of Carbon Nanotubes for Dispersion in Epoxy Matrices
155
Stress Induced Changes in the Raman Spectrum of Carbon Nanostructures and Their Composites
185
Mechanical and Electrical Response Models of Carbon Nanotubes
218
Improved Damage Tolerance Properties of Aerospace Structures by the Addition of Carbon Nanotubes
267
Environmental Degradation of Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Aerospace Composites
337
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