Carbon Nanotube and Related Field Emitters: Fundamentals and Applications

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Yahachi Saito
John Wiley & Sons, Oct 1, 2010 - Science - 504 pages
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have novel properties that make them potentially useful in many applications in nanotechnology, electronics, optics and other fields of materials science. These characteristics include extraordinary strength, unique electrical properties, and the fact that they are efficient heat conductors. Field emission is the emission of electrons from the surface of a condensed phase into another phase due to the presence of high electric fields. CNT field emitters are expected to make a breakthrough in the development of field emission display technology and enable miniature X-ray sources that will find a wide variety of applications in electronic devices, industry, and medical and security examinations.
This first monograph on the topic covers all aspects in a concise yet comprehensive manner - from the fundamentals to applications. Divided into four sections, the first part discusses the preparation and characterization of carbon nanotubes, while part two is devoted to the field emission properties of carbon nanotubes, including the electron emission mechanism, characteristics of CNT electron sources, and dynamic behavior of CNTs during operation. Part three highlights field emission from other nanomaterials, such as carbon nanowalls, diamond, and silicon and zinc oxide nanowires, before concluding with frontier R&D applications of CNT emitters, from vacuum electronic devices such as field emission displays, to electron sources in electron microscopes, X-ray sources, and microwave amplifiers. Edited by a pioneer in the field, each chapter is written by recognized experts in the respective fields.
 

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Contents

Preparation and Characterization of Carbon Nanotubes
1
Preparation of CNT Emitters
15
Fundamentals and Applications Edited by Yahachi Saito
23
Field Emission from Carbon Nanotubes
41
Field Emission from Graphitic Nanostructures
55
The Optical Performance of Carbon Nanotube Field Emitters
67
Heat Generation and Losses in Carbon Nanotubes during Field
81
Field Emission Microscopy of Multiwall CNTs
95
Field Emission from Carbon Nanowalls
193
Diamond Emitters
219
Applications of Carbon Nanotubes
259
ScreenPrinted Carbon Nanotube Field Emitters for Display
287
Nanotube Integration by Direct
311
TransparentLike CNTFED
333
HighCurrentDensity Field Emission Electron Source
373
HighResolution Microfocused Xray Source with Functions of Scanning
389

4
105
Field Emission from SingleWall Nanotubes
119
Simulated Electric Field in an Array of CNTs
143
Surface Coating of CNT Emitters
163
Field Emission from Related Nanomaterials
177
Miniature Xray Tubes
401
Carbon NanotubeBased Field Emission Xray Technology
417
Microwave Amplifiers
439
Index
471
Copyright

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About the author (2010)

Yahachi Saito is a Professor in the Quantum Engineering Department of Nagoya University. He received his doctorate in Engineering from Nagoya University in 1980 and has held professorial positions at Toyohashi University of Technology (1981-1985) and Mie University (1990-2004) in addition to Nagoya University (1985-1990, 2004-present). He has also spent time as a visiting scientist at AT&T Bell Laboratories.
Saito?s area of expertise encompasses the synthesis, characterization and application of nanometer scale materials, especially inorganic atomic clusters and fine particles, fullerenes, and carbon nanotubes (CNTs). He has studied CNT field emitters since 1996, collaborating with Noritake Itron Corp since 1997 for the development of display devices using CNTs as a cold cathode. They demonstrated the world?s first CNT-based display device at the SID International Conference in 1998. Saito is the recipient of numerous awards, including the Yazaki Arts and Science Award (2004), the Prize for Science and Technology of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports Science and Technology (2006), and the 2007 SID Int. Symp. Distinguished Paper Award.

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