Carbon Nanotubes: From Basic Research to Nanotechnology

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Valentin N. Popov, Philippe Lambin
Springer Science & Business Media, May 3, 2006 - Technology & Engineering - 253 pages
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It is about 15 years that the carbon nanotubes have been discovered by Sumio Iijima in a transmission electron microscope. Since that time, these long hollow cylindrical carbon molecules have revealed being remarkable nanostructures for several aspects. They are composed of just one element, Carbon, and are easily produced by several techniques. A nanotube can bend easily but still is very robust. The nanotubes can be manipulated and contacted to external electrodes. Their diameter is in the nanometer range, whereas their length may exceed several micrometers, if not several millimeters. In diameter, the nanotubes behave like molecules with quantized energy levels, while in length, they behave like a crystal with a continuous distribution of momenta. Depending on its exact atomic structure, a single-wall nanotube –that is to say a nanotube composed of just one rolled-up graphene sheet– may be either a metal or a semiconductor. The nanotubes can carry a large electric current, they are also good thermal conductors. It is not surprising, then, that many applications have been proposed for the nanotubes. At the time of writing, one of their most promising applications is their ability to emit electrons when subjected to an external electric field. Carbon nanotubes can do so in normal vacuum conditions with a reasonable voltage threshold, which make them suitable for cold-cathode devices.
 

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Contents

Scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes
19
Structural determination of individual singlewall carbon nanotube
43
A method to synthesize and tailor carbon nanotubes
49
PECVD growth of carbon nanotubes
55
Carbon nanotubes growth and anchorage to carbon fibres
57
Vibrational and related properties of carbon nanotubes
69
Raman scattering of carbon nanotubes
89
Raman spectroscopy of isolated singlewalled carbon nanotubes
121
Wave packet dynamical investigation of STM imaging mechanism
166
Intersubband exciton relaxation dynamics in singlewalled carbon nanotubes
170
K Ksenevich J Galibert L Forro and V A Samuilov 183
183
A Proykova 187
205
Mechanical properties of threeterminal nanotube junction
215
challenges of convergence heterogeneity
229
Synthesis and characterization of iron nanostructures inside
239
Copyright

Electronic transport in carbon nanotubes at the mesoscopic scale
143

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