Carbon Nanotubes: From Basic Research to Nanotechnology

Front Cover
Valentin N. Popov, Philippe Lambin
Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 3, 2006 - Technology & Engineering - 253 pages
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It is about 15 years that the carbon nanotubes have been discovered by Sumio Iijima in a transmission electron microscope. Since that time, these long hollow cylindrical carbon molecules have revealed being remarkable nanostructures for several aspects. They are composed of just one element, Carbon, and are easily produced by several techniques. A nanotube can bend easily but still is very robust. The nanotubes can be manipulated and contacted to external electrodes. Their diameter is in the nanometer range, whereas their length may exceed several micrometers, if not several millimeters. In diameter, the nanotubes behave like molecules with quantized energy levels, while in length, they behave like a crystal with a continuous distribution of momenta. Depending on its exact atomic structure, a single-wall nanotube –that is to say a nanotube composed of just one rolled-up graphene sheet– may be either a metal or a semiconductor. The nanotubes can carry a large electric current, they are also good thermal conductors. It is not surprising, then, that many applications have been proposed for the nanotubes. At the time of writing, one of their most promising applications is their ability to emit electrons when subjected to an external electric field. Carbon nanotubes can do so in normal vacuum conditions with a reasonable voltage threshold, which make them suitable for cold-cathode devices.
 

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Contents

ARC DISCHARGE AND LASER ABLATION SYNTHESIS OF SINGLE WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES
1
SCANNING TUNNELING MICROSCOPY AND SPECTROSCOPY OF CARBON NANOTUBES
19
STRUCTURAL DETERMINATION OF INDIVIDUAL SINGLEWALL CARBON NANOTUBE BY NANOAREA ELECTRON DIFFRACTION
43
THE STRUCTURAL EFFECTS ON MULTIWALLED CARBON NANOTUBES BY THERMAL ANNEALING UNDER VACUUM
45
TEM SAMPLE PREPARATION FOR STUDYING THE INTERFACE CNTSCATALYSTSUBSTRATE
47
A METHOD TO SYNTHESIZE AND TAILOR CARBON NANOTUBES BY ELECTRON IRRADIATION IN THE TEM
49
SCANNING TUNNELING MICROSCOPY STUDIES OF NANOTUBELIKE STRUCTURES ON THE HOPG SURFACE
51
INFLUENCE OF CATALYST AND CARBON SOURCE ON THE SYNTHESIS OF CARBON NANOTUBES IN A SEMICONTINUOUS INJECTION...
53
MAGNETOTRANSPORT IN 2D ARRAYS OF SINGLEWALL CARBON NANOTUBES
183
COMPUTER MODELING OF THE DIFFERENTIAL CONDUCTANCE OF SYMMETRY CONNECTED ARMCHAIRZIGZAG HETEROJUNCTIONS
185
Part IV Molecule adsorption functionalization and chemical properties
186
MOLECULAR DYNAMICS SIMULATION OF GAS ADSORPTION AND ABSORPTION IN NANOTUBES
187
FIRSTPRINCIPLES AND MOLECULAR DYNAMICS SIMULATIONS OF METHANE ADSORPTION ON GRAPHENE
209
EFFECT OF SOLVENT AND DISPERSANT ON THE BUNDLE DISSOCIATION OF SINGLEWALLED CARBON NANOTUBES
211
CARBON NANOTUBES WITH VACANCIES UNDER EXTERNAL MECHANICAL STRESS AND ELECTRIC FIELD
213
Part V Mechanical properties of nanotubes and composite materials
214

PECVD GROWTH OF CARBON NANOTUBES
55
CARBON NANOTUBES GROWTH AND ANCHORAGE TO CARBON FIBRES
57
CVD SYNTHESIS OF CARBON NANOTUBES ON DIFFERENT SUBSTRATES
59
INFLUENCE OF THE SUBSTRATE TYPES AND TREATMENTS ON CARBON NANOTUBE GROWTH BY CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION ...
61
NON CATALYTIC CVD GROWTH OF 2DALIGNED CARBON NANOTUBES
63
PYROLYTIC SYNTHESIS OF CARBON NANOTUBES ON Ni Co FeMCM41 CATALYSTS
65
A GRAND CANONICAL MONTE CARLO SIMULATION STUDY OF CARBON STRUCTURAL AND ADSORPTION PROPERTIES OF INZEOLI...
67
Part II Vibrational properties and optical spectroscopies
68
VIBRATIONAL AND RELATED PROPERTIES OF CARBON NANOTUBES
69
RAMAN SCATTERING OF CARBON NANOTUBES
89
RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY OF ISOLATED SINGLEWALLED CARBON NANOTUBES
121
Part III Electronic and optical properties and electrical transport
122
ELECTRONIC TRANSPORT IN NANOTUBES AND THROUGH JUNCTIONS OF NANOTUBES
123
ELECTRONIC TRANSPORT IN CARBON NANOTUBES AT THE MESOSCOPIC SCALE
143
WAVE PACKET DYNAMICAL INVESTIGATION OF STM IMAGING MECHANISM USING AN ATOMIC PSEUDOPOTENTIAL MODEL OF A...
167
CARBON NANOTUBE FILMS FOR OPTICAL ABSORPTION
169
INTERSUBBAND EXCITON RELAXATION DYNAMICS IN SINGLEWALLED CARBON NANOTUBES
171
PECULIARITIES OF THE OPTICAL POLARIZABILITY OF SINGLE WALLED ZIGZAG CARBON NANOTUBE WITH CAPPED AND TAPERE...
173
THIRDORDER NONLINEARITY AND PLASMON PROPERTIES IN CARBON NANOTUBES
175
HYDRODYNAMIC MODELING OF FAST ION INTERACTIONS WITH CARBON NANOTUBES
177
LOCAL RESISTANCE OF SINGLEWALLED CARBON NANOTUBES AS MEASURED BY SCANNING PROBE TECHNIQUES
179
BAND STRUCTURE OF CARBON NANOTUBES EMBEDDED IN A CRYSTAL MATRIX
181
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF THREETERMINAL NANOTUBE JUNCTION DETERMINED FROM COMPUTER SIMULATIONS
215
OSCILLATION OF THE CHARGED DOUBLEWALL CARBON NANOTUBE
217
A MONTE CARLO STUDY
219
CARBON NANOTUBES AS CERAMIC MATRIX REINFORCEMENTS
221
CARBON NANOTUBES AS POLYMER BUILDING BLOCKS
223
SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF EPOXYSINGLEWALL CARBON NANOTUBE COMPOSITES
225
VAPOUR GROWN CARBON NANOFIBERS POLYPROPYLENE COMPOSITES AND THEIR PROPERTIES
227
Part VI Applications
228
CHALLENGES OF CONVERGENCE HETEROGENEITY AND HIERARCHICAL INTEGRATION
229
BEHAVIOR OF CARBON NANOTUBES IN BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS
231
MOLECULAR DYNAMICS OF CARBON NANOTUBEPOLYPEPTIDE COMPLEXES AT THE BIOMEMBRANEWATER INTERFACE
233
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY ENHANCEMENT OF NANOFLUIDS
235
CARBON NANOTUBES AS ADVANCED LUBRICANT ADDITIVES
237
SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF IRON NANOSTRUCTURES INSIDE POROUS ZEOLITES AND THEIR APPLICATIONS IN WAT...
239
NANOSTRUCTURED CARBON GROWTH BY AN EXPANDING RADIOFREQUENCY PLASMA JET
241
DESIGN AND RELATIVE STABILITY OF MULTICOMPONENT NANOWIRES
243
MODELING OF MOLECULAR ORBITAL AND SOLID STATE PACKING POLYMER CALCULATIONS ON THE BIPOLARON NATURE OF CO...
245
LSB MICROCHIP LASER AS A PROMISING INSTRUMENT FOR RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY
247
SUBJECT INDEX
249
AUTHOR INDEX
251
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