Carbon cycling in the glacial ocean: constraints on the ocean's role in global change : quantitative approaches in paleoceanography
Springer-Verlag, 1994 - Nature - 580 pages
A comprehensive progress report on the multi-disciplinary field of ocean and climate change research is given. It compiles introductory background papers and leading scientific results on the ocean-atmosphere carbon cycle with emphasis on the ocean's carbon inventory and the various components involved. The relationship between plankton productivity, carbon fixation, oceanic PCO2 and climate change is investigated from the viewpoint of long-term climatic change during the late Quaternary cycles of ice ages and warm ages. The various approaches range from micropaleontology over organic and trace element geochemistry to molecular isotope geochemistry.
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Mangini A Rutsch H J Frank M Eisenhauer A Eckhardt J
Mackensen A Grobe H Hubberten H W Kuhn
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813C values accumulation rates Acta alkenones Altabet Antarctic Arctic atmospheric CO2 Basin benthic benthic foraminiferal biogenic Biogeochem biological bottom water Boyle Broecker CaCO3 calcite carbon cycle carbon isotope changes circulation climatic concentrations core top Corg correlation Cosmochim cysts decrease deep water depth diagenesis diagenetic diatom distribution Earth Planet eastern equatorial Pacific estimate Figure flux foraminifers Geochim glacial maximum glacial-interglacial global Holocene ice core increase interglacial isotopic composition isotopic fractionation isotopic ratio late Quaternary lysocline Mackensen marine methane nitrogen isotopic North Atlantic nutrient observed opal organic carbon organic matter oxygen pachyderma Paleoceanography paleoproductivity pCO2 phytoplankton planktic planktonic Polar Front primary productivity proxies reconstruction record region relative sacculifer samples sapropels Sarnthein sedimentary sedimentation rate signal silicate sinking particles Southern Ocean species stages surface ocean surface waters temperature tracer upwelling variations water column water masses Weddell Sea wuellerstorfi zone zooplankton