Carbon sequestration in the biosphere: processes and prospects
Anthropogenic release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere has been recognized as the primary agent in global climate change.
The volume discusses the possibilities for limiting that increase by the long-term storage of carbon in soils, vegetation, wetlands and oceans. Each of these storage media is analysed in detail to elucidate those processes responsible for the uptake and release of carbon. Several chapters address the practical prospects for deliberate interventions aimed at adjusting the balance in favour of uptake over release, i.e. sequestration, while having regard to simultaneous changes in the various environments.
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Global Carbon Cycle and Carbon Sequestration
Carbon Sequestration by Marine Biota
A Case Study
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0cean 0rganic 33 Carbon Sequestration accumulation afforestation agricultural agroecosystems anthropogenic atmospheric C02 Beran Biogeochemical Cycles biological pump biomass biosphere Biosphere Edited C-cycle C02 concentration calcification carbon cycle carbon dioxide carbon sequestration carbon storage climate change coastal conservation crop decomposition rate decrease deforestation degradation Dixon Drake dynamics Ecology effect elevated C02 emissions enhanced environment environmental estimates factors feedback fertilization Figure forest soils fossil fuel fraction global carbon cycle Global Change Goudriaan grasslands greenhouse growth impacts increase inputs interaction Izmir Krankina land lignin litter management options marine mechanisms mineralization nitrogen nutrient organic carbon particles photic zone photosynthesis phytoplankton plant pools potential primary production processes ratio reduced regions respiration response role Rubisco sea level sea level rise sediments sink soil carbon soil organic matter species surface temperature terrestrial biosphere terrestrial ecosystems Thingstad tropical upper ocean uptake vegetation wetlands