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4-tube punch ability to keep adjusted Alfalfa hay allowance Animal Husbandry awls barley body brush body-waste castile soap chaff clean clover coarser roughages collar cool Corn silage digestive system digestive tract drink edible forage energy for hard farm horses farm work horse feeding of hay feet fetus fitting period gelding gradually grain and hay grain feed grain ration GROOMING AND CLIPPING Grooming improves grooming necessary guide in feeding hair hames harness should fit high in protein horse stands square horse weighs horseman horses in thrifty hot weather Johnson grass keep the horses laxative legume Linseed meal management of farm necessary to supply NEEDED IN HORSE nutritive value Oats paddock palatable pastern pliers pounds of grain pounds of hay PREVENTING SORE SHOULDERS regular grooming relieve needless removed salt season shed skin snugly Soybeans spring stable succulent tendon thrifty condition timothy trimmed ventilation waste watering horses weight
Page 9 - ... have undergone severe exertion should generally be watered before eating. It is dangerous, however, to allow an animal to drink heavily while very warm. If the horse is hot, give a moderate drink at this time, and water more freely when the animal is cool. It is not a good practice to water heavily just before putting horses to heavy work. Weather conditions, the nature of the work done, and the kind of feed consumed will determine the quantity of water required. In hot weather and when at hard...
Page 9 - Horses at hard work in hot weather should be watered hourly. It is better to water frequently, in small quantities, than to allow the animal to gorge itself at any one time. Watering at public troughs is to be avoided, as this is a common method of spreading disease. SUCCULENT FEEDS Pasture. — Pasture is foremost among the succulent feeds for horses. It acts as a laxative and general tonic to the system, is an appetizer, and a valuable feed. Succulent feeds are watery and do not produce solid flesh....
Page 10 - The liberal use of roughage, supplemented with the right amount and kind of other nutritious feed, will maintain a horse properly during the winter. Farm horses, except brood mares or growing stock, do well on a ration made up largely of the coarser hays, straw, or corn fodder. Cornstalk fields, grain-stubble fields, or pastures which have not been closely grazed during the summer are very desirable sources of a large part of the winter maintenance feed for horses.
Page 9 - This system is not always practicable, however, as some animals will refuse to drink before eating. The consensus of opinion on watering horses indicates that water may be given either before, during, or after meals without injurious effects. Thus, individual convenience and attendant circumstances will largely determine the watering practice to be followed. In any practice, however, it is well to adhere to the same plan, once a definite watering time has been adopted, for to change frequently from...
Page 12 - The common equipment for grooming is the currycomb, dandy brush, and body brush (fig. 6), while the rub rag, mane comb, and footpick are often needed. The currycomb should be used only when the horse is sweaty and dirty. As the skin is very sensitive, a round-corrugated comb is preferred.
Page 1 - ... in thrifty condition at all times; (2) convenient stabling adjoining the paddock and suitable sheds for wintering should be provided for the comfort and health of the animals; (3) feeding must be adjusted to seasonal requirements; (4) thorough, regular grooming is necessary; (5) the harness must be well fitted з 2 Farmers
Page 14 - The names should fit snugly, and be drawn tightly on the collar, so that the point of draft will be about one-third of the distance above the point of the shoulder. All other parts of the harness must also be properly adjusted and fitted.
Page 14 - Л short collar chokes the horse wlien pulling, while a collar which is too long bruises the shoulder points and chafes the neck at the withers. A narrow collar will pinch. A wide collar will bring pressure and irritation on the side of the shoulder.
Page 3 - A good-sized single stall for a horse weighing about 1,400 pounds is 5 by 10 feet, whereas a box stall should be about 12 feet square.