Carnivore ecology in arid lands
Arid lands require that organisms inhabiting them be well-adapted to thrive or even just to survive. This book provides a review of the ecological adaptations - be they behavioural, physiological or morphological - of carnivores to arid environments. Following a general introduction into aridity and arid lands in Africa, the major carnivore families are presented. Ecological adaptations of carnivores in arid lands reveal the amplitude and resilience of the ecology of these animals. In setting up conservation measures, the nature and extent of such adaptations are important facets in determining the effective area and degree of heterogeneity required as habitat by a carnivore population so as to produce a viable unit.
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aardwolf abundant adult male African wild dog arid areas bat-eared foxes behaviour black-backed jackal Bothma breeding brown hyaenas burrow canids Cape caracal carcasses carnivores Caro cats central Namib Desert cheetahs Cooper dens density diet distance dwarf mongoose East Africa eaten ecological Eloff Etosha National Park faeces feeding felids females food resource foraging gemsbok golden jackal Grobler habitat Henschel and Skinner Hofer and East hunting hyae hyaenids individuals kill Kruger National Park Kruuk leopards litter mainly male leopards mammals Masai Mara mating mean mesic middens Mills Moehlman Namib Desert natal Ngorongoro Crater nomadic occasionally occur Owens and Owens pack pair Panthera population predators prey pride pups range Rasa Richardson rodents Savuti scavenge scent-marking Schaller Serengeti ecosystem slender mongoose Smithers social solitary South Africa southern Kalahari species spotted hyaena clans striped hyaena subadult Sunquist suricate termites territory Tilson Trinervitermes usually Vulpes yellow mongoose young